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Archive for March 2013

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Ancestors Seated in Yard of 312 Gaston Street, Savannah, GA, 1939 or 1944

312 Gaston Street Savannah, GA

Today's post on the Ancestors Page is a photo of an African American woman, perhaps an elder, seated with a young child in the front yard of 312 Gaston Street in Savannah, GA. The notation for the photo states that the picture was taken in 1939 or 1944. Please click on the image to view the photo larger.

Title: 312 Gaston Street, West, Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia

Creator(s): Johnston, Frances Benjamin, 1864-1952, photographer

Date Created/Published: [1939 or 1944]

Medium: 1 negative : safety film ; 8 x 10 in.

Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-csas-00753 (digital file from original negative)

Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication.

Call Number: LC-J7-GA- 1214 [P&P]

Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print

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Preservation Society of Charleston to Honor African American Craftsmen and Preservationists

Contact: Aurora Harris, Community Outreach Manager|aharris@preservationsociety.org |843.722.4630

Thomas M. Pinckney Alliance Reception

March 13, 2013
Preservation Society of Charleston Logo

Charleston, SC– The Preservation Society of Charleston will honor African American craftsmen and preservationist with a reception to follow on Friday April 12th from 7:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. at 91 Spring Street Charleston, SC. The reception is hosted by the Thomas M. Pinckney Alliance of the Preservation Society of Charleston. This event is held in honor of Thomas Mayhem Pinckney, the artisan who helped the Society founder Susan Pringle Frost in much of her early preservation work.

The purpose of the Thomas Mayhem Pinckney Alliance is to support the Preservation Society of Charleston in identifying and preserving historic African American “built environments” in the Lowcountry. This includes those sites built by, occupied by and utilized for activities significant to the African American experience. The Thomas Mayhem Pinckney Committee also advocates for the expanded participation of African Americans in the Preservation Society’s activities and efforts.

This event is made possible by the Alliance and generous sponsors Julia-Ellen Craft Davis and Vicki Davis Williams, the granddaughters of Herbert A. DeCosta, Sr. and Julia Ellen Craft DeCosta, founders of H. A. DeCosta Company, and Gullah Tours. Catering is done by Joe’s Catering by Buckshot's Restaurant. Music performed by Oscar Rivers, Jazz Pianist.

Please RSVP by Thursday April 4th with Aurora Harris, Community Outreach Manager, at (843) 722-4630 or email aharris@preservationsociety.org.The purchase of a one year membership into the Preservation Society is suggested.

For more information please contact Aurora Harris, Community Outreach Manager, at (843) 722-4630 aharris@preservationsociety.org or visit their website at www.preservationsociety.org.

About the Preservation Society of Charleston

Founded in 1920, the Preservation Society of Charleston is the oldest community-based membership historic preservation organization in the United States of America. Their mission is to inspire the involvement of all who dwell in the Lowcountry to honor and respect our material and cultural heritage. Membership in the Preservation Society is open to everyone.

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Lewis Hunter or Hinter and Family, Ladies Island, Beaufort, SC, 1936

Lewis Hunter, with his wife and family on Lady's Island, Beaufort, SC 1936 Lewis Hunter and Family, Ladies Island, SC, 1936

The photographs in the Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection at the Library of Congress are an extensive pictorial record of American life between 1935 and 1944.

The photographs were taken by field agents for three successive government agencies: the Resettlement Administration (1935-1937), the Farm Security Administration (1937-1942), and the Office of War Information (1942-1944). All were concerned with stability and food security among farming families in rural America [1].

The two pictures here were taken by photographer Carl Mydans in June or July of 1936. In the top photograph the family's name is listed as Hunter, in the second, it is listed as Hinter.

References Cited

[1] Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Black-and-White Negatives Collection Description, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Collection, http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/fsa/, accessed 23 Mar 2013.

[2] Mydans, Carl, photographer 1936 "Lewis Hunter, Negro client with his family on Lady's Island off Beaufort, South Carolina," Library of Congresss Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Black-and-White Negatives Collection, Reproduction Number: LC-USF34-006790-D (b&w film nitrate neg.) LC-USZ62-131188 (b&w film copy neg. from print). http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/fsa1998020302/PP/, accessed 23 Mar 2013.

[3] Mydans, Carl, photographer 1936 "Lewis Hinter, Negro client with his family on Lady's Island off Beaufort, South Carolina," Library of Congresss Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Black-and-White Negatives Collection, Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-fsa-8b26557 (digital file from original) LC-USF34-006794-D (b&w film nitrate neg.). http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/fsa1998020304/PP/, accessed 23 Mar 2013.

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Letter Written by Freedman James Perkins, Jacksonboro, SC, 1870

This letter was written by James Perkins of Jacksonboro, Colleton County, SC.

Perkins, a veteran who served in Company K, 35th United States Colored Troops, was inquiring about bounty pay due him for his service from 1863 to 1866.

Perkins asks that correspondence to him be directed to Mr. W.H. Whilden.

He states that his commanding officer in Company K, 35th USCT was Captain James Armstrong.

Please click on image to view larger.

Source Citation

Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1872 (NARA Micropublication M1910), Reel 22, Frame 75.
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Portraits of African American Midwives in Florida ~ 1930s and 1940s

African American midwife in Broward County, Florida 1933 State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/44714
Dean Washington at the West Florida Midwives Institute at Florida A&M College in Tallahassee, Florida, 1933 State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/44586
Group at the West Florida Midwives Institute at Florida A&M College in Tallahassee, Florida, State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/44594
Male midwife with his family ca 193- State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/144715
Maum Georgianna Pride, Miccosukee, FL State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/144711
Midwife Rosanna Ruso ca. 1933, State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/144716
Nurse McGreen with another woman (Age 84) holding a baby during the West Florida Midwives Institute at Florida A&M College in Tallahassee, Florida, 1933, State Board of Health, State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/44579
Portrait of a male midwife Uncle Ab, ca. 1933 Photo by State Board of Health, State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/44712
Midwife at the West Florida Midwives Institute at Florida A&M College in Tallahassee, Florida, 1933, State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/44715
Certified nurse midwife E.J. Kirkland, West Florida Midwives Institute at Florida A&M College in Tallahassee, Florida, 1933, Photo by State Board of Health, State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/44590
Portrait of Janie Stokes (from Suwannee County) at the West Florida Midwives Institute at Florida A&M College in Tallahassee, Florida State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/44588
Portrait of midwife Georgianna Alexander Greenville (from Jefferson County) at the West Florida Midwives Institute at Florida A&M College in Tallahassee, Florida, 1933, State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/44583
Savannah Brown - Application for license to practice midwifery - Chaires, Florida 27 Oct 1941 State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/35911
Portrait of midwife Rachel Washington in Cypress, Florida 1933, State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/44589
Unidentified midwife at the Tampa Midwife Institute, 1933 State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/44640
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#FFCC00fadetrue

The Florida Board of Health initiated a midwife licensing program in 1931 to reduce infant mortality and to promote maternal and child health [1].

The Board of Health's first formal training institute was the West Florida Midwives Institute, held at Florida A&M University in Tallahassee, Florida. The week-long institute brought together midwives from surrounding regions to learn safe and aseptic delivery practices [2].

Pictured in this photo gallery, among images of unidentified Florida midwives are:

  • Georgianna Pride, Miccosukee, FL
  • Rosanna Ruso
  • Nurse McGreen
  • Uncle Ab
  • Certified Nurse Midwife E.J. Kirkland
  • Janie Stokes (from Suwannee County)
  • Georgianna Alexander Greenville (from Jefferson County)
  • Rachel Washington
  • You may order prints from the Florida Memory Collection if you find an ancestor here!

    Further Reading

    You can read more about Florida midwives in the book In the Way of Our Grandmothers: A Cultural View of Twentieth-Century Midwifery in Florida by Debra Anne Susie.

    References Cited

    [1] Florida State Archives, Florida Memory Collection, http://www.floridamemory.com, accessed 23 Mar 2013.

    [2] Susie, Debra Anne 2009 In the Way of Our Grandmothers: A Cultural View of Twentieth-Century Midwifery in Florida University of Georgia Press, p. 42.

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    African American Employees of the American Sumatra Tobacco Company, Quincy, FL, ca. 1910

    Employees of the American Sumatra Tobacco Company Gadsden County Fl Florida Memory Collection pr03605

    This picture, taken some time after 1910, depicts African American employees of the American Sumatra Tobacco Company in Quincy, Gadsden County, Florida [1].

    Formed by a merger of twelve growers in 1910, the American Sumatra Tobacco Company owned 34,000 acres of land in Georgia and Florida. Their 41 shade tobacco farms produced one-half of all tobacco in the region in the early 1900s [2].

    References Cited

    [1] "Employees of the American Sumatra Tobacco Company,"State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/3353, accessed 23 Mar 2013.

    [2] Pando, Robert T. 2003 Shrouded in Cheesecloth: the Demise of Shade Tobacco in Florida and Georgia. Master's Thesis, Florida State University, Electronic Theses and Dissertations, http://etd.lib.fsu.edu/theses/available/etd-11142003-204324/, accessed 23 Mar 2013.
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    James Jenkins, Formerly Enslaved to Cain Family, Pinopolis, Berkeley, SC, 1867

    In this note interfiled with rations requests written to Captain F. Liedke of the Freedmen's Bureau, J. Calhoun Cain states that Freedman James Jenkins formerly belonged to his father.

    In the note, dated 11 July 1867 and written from Pinopolis, SC, Cain states that James Jenkins was elderly and somewhat feeble.

    Please click on the document image to view larger.

    Source Citation

    Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1872 (NARA Micropublication M1910), Reel 89, Frame 334.

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    Teaching Moments: Slave Dwelling Project Includes Local Youths in Stay at Hopsewee Plantation

    Gloria Bar Ford, Sophia Jackson, Zenobia Washington
    Hearth in Slave Cabin, Hopsewee Plantation
    Hearth Lit
    Hopsewee Plantation House
    Hopsewee Plantation Slave Cabin
    Reajean Beatty Welcomes Guests at Hopsewee Plantation
    Sophia Jackson Performs Stories from the Big Book of Gullah
    Sophia Jackson
    Storyteller Gloria Bar Ford
    Storytellers Gloria Bar Ford, Sophia Jackson, Zenobia Washington
    Young Men from AME Church Group Sons of Allen
    Young Men from Sons of Allen, Morning After Hopsewee Stay
    The Next Day ~ Ramona La Roche, Morning After Hopsewee Stay
    The Next Day ~ Ramona La Roche Greets the Morning
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    #FFCC00fadetrue

    The first stay for the Slave Dwelling Project in 2013 was a repeat stay at Hopsewee Plantation on Friday, March 1.

    One constant in both stays would be an event planned around dinner. Raejean and staff again showcased their zeal, ability and love of cooking for on the menu was shrimp and grits; chicken gumbo; field peas; okra and tomatoes; macaroni and cheese; pineapple casserole; pimento cheese biscuits and bread pudding.

    The room was full to capacity and included guests from as far away as Chicago, Illinois and Mystic Sea Port, Connecticut who came specifically because of the program that owners Frank and Raejean planned. During dinner, I had the opportunity to address the guests on the subject of the Slave Dwelling Project.

    Given only ten minutes to present, I let the audience decide which of the twelve states of which I had spent a night in a former slave dwelling that I would talk about. Their choices were Alabama, Connecticut, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas and Virginia. Having the audience respond to where they were from as I went alphabetically through the list, only Louisiana, Missouri and North Carolina were excluded from the presentation, proving the geographic diversity of the audience.

    Gloria Bar Ford, Sophia Jackson, Zenobia Washington

    The highlight of the evening was a presentation titled “Stories from the Big Book of Gullah”. Story tellers Zenobia Washington and Sophia Jackson presented original stories based on Gullah traditions. Artist Zenobia Washington was raised in the port city of Georgetown, SC and influenced by the Gullah culture.

    Many know Zenobia through her art of doll making, Zenobia is the director of Frameworks, a non-profit organization working with the youth of Georgetown in story telling and theater arts. Sophia Jackson is a native of Georgetown, SC and a longtime lover and pursuer of the arts. Having graduated from the University of South Carolina with a degree in film making and African American studies, she has recently joined efforts with Frameworks as a vehicle for sharing her expertise and artistic views. Also joining the cast was Gloria Bar Ford. Interspersed with poetry, storytelling and singing, the presentation was excellent and shows great potential for future collaboration.

    Young Men from AME Church Group Sons of Allen

    One other very important element of the stay was that owners Frank and Raejean agreed that Zenobia could arrange for some youth and their chaperones to spend the night in the slave cabin with me. Seven young men ages 14 – 16 associated with the group Sons of Allen were chosen. Throughout the thirty eight stays, I have had many people share the experience of sleeping in the slave dwellings with me. This one, I would anticipate the most because of the potential to influence youth, more specifically, young African American males. The opportunity to educate was fully embraced. Dropped off by their parents, all of the young men had arrived at or before the appointed time of 6:00 pm. I, arriving at 5:30 pm, had the opportunity to meet some of the parents of the young men. All of the young men seemed ready for what they had volunteered to do. Their actions through dinner and the presentations were more than respectable.

    Hopsewee Slave Cabin

    Upon entering the cabin to prepare my spot for sleeping, I was not surprised that all seven young men chose the same side of the cabin. I could not let them just drift off to sleep without first taking advantage of this teachable moment.

    Although they attended the dinner presentation, I wanted to give them more details about what our ancestors endured for us to have the liberties that we enjoy today. I asked fellow Civil War reenactors Terry James who would be sleeping in a slave cabin for the 12th time and Ramona La Roche who would be staying for the first time to join me in communicating with the young men. Ramona queried the young men about their plans for the future.

    I could not help but recall a situation that Terry James and I experienced when we slept in the other slave cabin on the property. Terry told them that when he closed the door on the cabin he looked up and noticed that a snake had shed its skin right above the door. He went on to say that we both had to convince ourselves that because the shed skin was dry, the event took placed weeks maybe months before we got there and the snake was long gone. My role in this teachable moment was minimized when Terry James led the discussion drawing on his experience of currently raising two teen age boys and his experience of sleeping in 11 cabins to date. When prompted by Ramona, I only had to chime in to keep the conversation in an historical context. This involved telling the group about the movement westward of this young nation and how slavery factored into that movement.

    As if planned, our teachable moment was pleasantly interrupted by owners Frank and Raejean, Frank went to the side of the chaperones and Raejean came to the side where Ramona, Terry and I were with the seven young men. Hoping that the young men were taking notes for an upcoming essay that they had to write about the stay in a slave cabin, I queried Raejean as if the information that she was about to give me, I would be hearing for the first time. She stated that she tries to avoid giving guided tours of the house because it usually becomes a tour about them and not the property and its past inhabitants. She leaves the job of the house tours to the hired staff. As she explained the history of Hopsewee, I could not help but to latch on to what she said about its connection to the invention of the water and steamed powered rice mill. John Hume Lucas who owned the plantation from 1844 – 1853 was a successful rice grower and engineer and a relative of Jonathan Lucas, Jr. and Jonathan Lucas Sr. Both Lucas’ Jr. and Sr. were responsible for inventing, building and perfecting rice mills. I could not help but to interrupt her presentation to make connection to Eli Whitney and his invention of the cotton gin. Both inventions increased the need for more slaves.

    Hearth Lit

    When Raejean and Frank left we became more grateful that the fireplaces in the cabin worked. In anticipation of a cold night, Raejean and Frank lit a fire in both fireplaces and provided enough wood to last throughout the night. The fire was cozy but we learned quickly that the windows on the cabin had to be slightly open to let out some of the smoke that would accumulate inside. After our session with the young men, all of the adults gathered on the other side of the cabin and quickly started to talk about subjects that mattered to adults. I became more acquainted with the group Sons of Allen. These men were responsible for assembling the group of young men who were staying the night. Information taken directly from their website describes the group as follows: “In 1984, the African Methodist Episcopal Church created the Sons of Allen Men’s Fellowship to foster closer relationships between men of the church, to equip men of the church for meaningful service, to reach unchurched men, and to present positive role models for our youth. The Sons of Allen has grown into an important connectional movement over the past twenty-plus years and the Fellowship is becoming a true connectional ministry. The challenges and disturbing realities facing African American men call for a response from the church.”

    As we all claimed our spots on the floor we realized the twelve of us sleeping in the cabin that night would be using up all of the available floor space. I am certain that if the artifacts that were in the cabin were removed, we could have squeezed in even more people and that was likely the way that it would have been during the time of slavery. Once again, in preparation for his night sleep, Terry James attached the slave shackles to his wrist. As I drifted off to sleep, the young men were still talking among themselves. As we slept through the night, one of the chaperones would occasionally get up and put another log on the fire. On one occasion I awoke to a blazing fire in the fireplace and the sound of an owl in the background.

    Ramona La Roche Greets the Morning

    Unlike the first stay, sleeping in the cabin farthest away from Highway 17 made a big difference because the noise of the vehicles going across the bridge that spans the North Santee River was less prominent. Waking up the next morning, we all took advantage of the opportunity to take group photographs before we all went our separate ways. One by one the mothers of the young men came to pick them up. All of the mothers expressed great appreciation for the experience that we gave their kids. Raejean came and offered those of us remaining breakfast, some accepted but I had an appointment to keep with my young daughter.

    Somewhere along this journey, I was told that what I was doing was art, it was Holly Springs, Mississippi to be exact. Until this stay at Hopsewee, I did not buy into that thought process. Did the dinner audience come for the food, did they come for the great performance of Stories from the Big Book of Gullah, or did they come to hear about the Slave Dwelling Project?

    I cannot answer that question but I do know that all three elements worked well together. I also know that those three things combined did not excite me as much as spending the night in a slave cabin with seven young African American males.

    Young Men from Sons of Allen, Morning After Hopsewee Stay

    I just hope that the experience gave them an indication of what their ancestors endured so that they can enjoy the liberties that they have today. Owners Frank and Raejean and all others involved in organizing this stay should be proud and also know that you have now raised the bar for future stays in extant slave dwellings.

    Although a repeat stay, many new and interesting twists were added that would add new standards to the project.

    We Shall Over Come

    By: Mr. Jordan Manigault
    Property! The definition of property is someone’s possession. Do you know what it means for a person to be called someone’s property? When you are considered property you have no freedom, nor rights. If you don’t have either you have no say or control of your life. Slaves were considered possessions of their slave owners. During that time in history they were used as collateral. They could be sold and bought just like you buy items out of the store today. Therefore, as a result, their lives were affected by daily ridicule and unimaginable hardships. Slaves had no control over when they were going to be sold or traded. Families were torn apart in many ways. The husbands and sons watched their mothers, wives, and sister suffer abuse physically, sexually, and mentally and could do nothing about it. They were property of their slave owner. The lives of our ancestors as slaves was hard, but slavery still exist today.

    In today’s society we enslave with modern day technology. Technology has taken over to the point where we are too dependent on it. We no longer know and understand what it is like to think for ourselves or to work with our hands because computer and technology does everything for us. Children no longer enjoy the outdoors. They don’t go outside to play because the majority of them have computers, video games or cell phones in which they spend all their time on these devices. We no longer share conversations with our family and friends or love ones. Again, we have been bought by the use of technology, every time a new device comes out we worry our parents to go out and purchase the newest device of today. We need to get back to some of our old habits.

    In order to overcome being enslaved to technology we have to put those devices down and spend more time together as families; laughing and talking to one another, spending more time outdoors enjoying the gift GOD gave us to see, hear and smell his creation.

    In order for this change to have a positive impact on today’s youth, everyone must get involved. Adults must realize that they should not only be concerned on the well being of their children, but ALL children as a whole. I believe that more outreach ministries could be established that will teach the youth self-respect and dignity. By instilling these values in the youth now the ending results will be remarkable.

    Hopsewee

    By Mr. Timothy Guiles

    Hopsewee use to be a plantation with slaves. It was very cold and dark. There weren’t any beds to sleep on. If we were slaves, we would have to sleep on the floor but we had sleeping bags. It was fun because I had my friends there with me but if we were in slave times, it wouldn’t have been fun at all. The men that stayed with us told us the real story about slaves. Not the fake stuff we learn or learned about in history class. I was surprised at what they told me. I didn’t know that slave work up at 4:00 am to start their day of working. One of the men told us that when we are in class, think about what our ancestors went through in slavery and use that knowledge to improve our school and work manners.

    We had a fireplace but that only kept us warm for so long. When I woke up in the middle of the night, it was super cold. Before we went to sleep in the slave house, we ate some food that they use to eat back in slave times. There was grits, mac and cheese, lemonade, tea, beans and more.

    It’s not fair that we have more things than slaves had we still don’t appreciate what they did for us. We sit there; stand there with freedom because our ancestors did that for us. Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, and Malcolm X helped Blacks earn freedom. If it weren’t for Abraham Lincoln, we would still be in those fields picking cotton and getting whipped for no reason.

    I learned that if you don’t try, you won’t succeed. I also learned that you are going to have to do things that you don’t want to do in order to get where you want to go in life. It’s life as most say today. This world still isn’t equal enough. We still have murderers, racism, and rapist. We are going to have to learn how to get along with each other or this world is going to break apart.

    Hopsewee was a very good experience for me to see how a slave would sleep at night. Well I enjoyed staying there. That will be a never forgetting moment.

    Related Reading

    Ramona La Roche, founder of Family TYES SC, has written about her experience of the overnight stay at Hopsewee. You can read her reflections here, on her blog Gullah Galz Ink.
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    Images of Students at Claflin University, Orangeburg, SC, ca. 1900

    These pictures, taken at Claflin University in Orangeburg, SC, were reportedly displayed as part of the American Negro exhibit at the Paris Exposition of 1900.

    Wood Work Shop of Claflin University, Orangeburg, S.C., ca. 1900
    Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Reproduction No. LOC 3b16757r

    Claflin Univ., Orangeburg, S.C. ca. 1900
    Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Reproduction No. LC-USZ62-35749

    Claflin Univ., Orangeburg, S.C. ca. 1900
    Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Reproduction No. LC-USZ62-35748

    Manual Training Shop at Claflin University, Orangeburg, S.C.
    Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Reproduction No. LOC 3c07846v

    Library at Claflin University, Orangeburg, S.C., ca. 1900
    Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Reproduction No. LC-USZ62-82987

    Harvesting Sweet Potatoes at Claflin University, Orangeburg, South Carolina
    Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Reproduction No. LOC 3c09530v

    Carpentry and Painting Claflin University

    Carpentry and Painting Claflin University, ca. 1900
    Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Reproduction No. LC-USZ62-72446

    Bricklaying at Claflin University, Orangeburg, S.C. LOC 3c07847v

    Bricklaying at Claflin University, Orangeburg, S.C., ca. 1900
    Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Reproduction No. LOC 3c07847v

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    Charley McBride and Philippy Cordes, Formerly Enslaved to Stoney Family, Berkeley, SC, 1867

    This letter, dated 26 Aug 1867, was written by W.E. Stoney to Captain F.W. Liedke of the Freedmen's Bureau, to request rations for Charles McBride and Philippy Cordes, two elders living at Stoney's plantation in Berkeley, SC.

    Stoney states that Charles McBride and Philippy Cordes were both formerly enslaved by his father.

    Please click on the image to view larger.

    Source Citation

    Stoney, W.E. [to Captain F.W. Liedke, inferred from context], letter 26 Aug 1867. Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1872 (NARA Micropublication M1910), Target 1.
    Pages:123