Username:

Password:

Fargot Password? / Help



Archive for May 2013

0

Remembering Isaac Seabrook, Company C 21st USCT, Edisto Island, SC

Remembering Isaac Seabrook, Company C 21st USCT

Isaac Seabrook USCT Compiled Military Record Detail

Isaac Seabrook, born on Edisto Island about 1840, enlisted in the United States Colored Troops (USCT) in Hilton Head, SC on May 11, 1863 [1]. Isaac was one of six young men born on Edisto who enlisted that day. The others were Prince Seabrook, Peter Seabrook, James Seabrook, Ishmael Seabrook and Edward Seabrook, all born on Edisto.

Isaac Seabrook was 16 years old when he enlisted to serve a three-year term in the military. He was placed in Company C, 21st USCT. He was mustered out in Charleston, SC on April 25, 1866.

History of the 21st USCT

The 21st USCT was organized from 3rd and 4th Regiments, South Carolina Colored Infantry, March 14, 1864. The 3rd Regiment was organized at Hilton Head, SC in June of 1863. The 4th Regiment was organized at Fernandina, FL in July of 1863. Both units were re-designated 21st Regiment USCT March 14, 1864.

The 3rd Regiment, organized in Hilton Head, saw duty at Jacksonville, Fla., till April, 1864. They were moved to Hilton Head, SC, thence to Folly Island, SC, April 18. They served on Folly Island, Morris Island and Coles Island operating against Charleston, S. C., till February, 1865.

From June 30 to July 10, they served in an expedition to James Island, SC. They saw combat action on James Island July 2. The Regiment served garrison duty at Charleston and Mt. Pleasant, S. C., till August, 1865, and at various points in SC and GA till October, 1866. They were mustered out October 7, 1866 [3].

Freedmen's Bank Record, Isaac Seabrook

Sometime in 1868, Isaac Seabrook opened an account at the Freedmen's Savings and Trust (Freedmen's Bank). The account register contains many biographical details as well as the names of Isaac's family members [4].

The information Isaac supplied for the account register was:

No. 2756 Isaac Seabrook, "C," 21

Where Brought Up: Same Place

Where Born: Edisto Island

Residence: Seabrook Landing, SC

Age: 20

Complexion: Dark

Occupation: Farming

Works For: Himself

Wife: Lizzie Williams

Children: Richard Ford

Father: Alfred

Mother: Katie

Brothers: Simon & George Ford

Sisters: Margaret & Nanny Ford and Nanny Jones

Signature: Isaac Seabrook X His Mark

 

Life After the USCT

Isaac may have changed his name to Ford (the surname of his immediate family members) sometime between 1868 and 1870, or may have had the surname Ford before Emancipation. Many USCT troops in South Carolina were enlisted with the last name of the final slaveholder and later changed their names [2].  In his Freedmen's Bank application, Isaac Seabrook listed his parents as Alfred and Katie, his wife as Lizzie, his son Richard Ford and brothers Simon Ford and George Ford.

The 1870 Census finds the following household in Beaufort, SC in 1870 [5]:

Ford, Isaac,  Age 24, Male, Black, Farmer, Born SC

Ford, Jane, Age 21, Female, Black, Keeping House, Born SC

Ford, Richard, Age [illegible, very faint], Male, Black, Born SC

Ford, Rose, Age 2, Female, Black, Born SC

Ford, Albert, Age 50, Male, Black, Farmer, Born SC

Ford, Katie, Age 50, Female, Black, Keeping House, Born SC

Ford, Simon, Age 22, Male, Black, Farm Labor, Born SC

Ford, George, Age [illegible, very faint], Male, Black, Farm Labor, Born SC

 

1880 Federal Census, Hilton Head, Beaufort, SC

In the 1880 Census, Beaufort, SC,  we see [6]:

Ford, Isaac, Black, Male, Age 37, Farm Laborer

Ford, Lizzie, Black, Female, 28, Farm Laborer

Ford, Richard, Black, Male, 13, Son, Farm Laborer

Ford, Rose, Black, Female, 11, Daughter, Keeping House

Ford, Romeo, Black, Male, 8, Son

Ford, James, Black, Male, 5, Son

Ford, Mary, Black, Female, 1, Daughter

Also in Beaufort in 1880 we find:

Ford, Alfred, Black, Male, 70, Farm Laborer

Ford, Katie, Black, Female, 69, Keeping House

 

Military Pension Index

That Isaac may have changed his name to Ford is further supported by a pension index record in the name of Isaac Seabrook alias Isaac Ford, for service in Company C, 21st USCT [7]:

 

Death Certificate, Hilton Head, Beaufort, SC

A death certificate for Isaac Ford may also support that hypothesis the Isaac changed his name to Ford after serving in the USCT. The certificate, below, states that Isaac Ford, Black, Male, Farmer died May 4, 1920. His parents are listed as Alfred Ford and Katie Ford, both born in SC [8].

 

We recall that Isaac Seabrook who served in C Company, 21st USCT, listed Alfred and Katie as his parents. His siblings were listed with the surname Ford, as was his son. If this is your family, the possibility of a name change is certainly worth looking into further.

We remember Isaac Seabrook and honor his service in the 21st USCT.

 

References Cited

[1] National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Compiled Military Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served With the United States Colored Troops: Infantry Organizations, 20th through 25th; Microfilm Serial: M1823; Microfilm Roll: 32

[2] Gourdin, John Raymond. 2009 Borrowed identity : 128th United States Colored Troops : multiple-name usage by Black Civil War veterans who served with Union regiments organized in South Carolina. Westminster, MD : Heritage Books

[3] U.S. Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System; database online, http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/index.html, accessed 31 May, 2011.

[4] Ancestry.com. Freedman's Bank Records, 1865-1871 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005.Original data: Registers of Signatures of Depositors in Branches of the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company, 1865-1874. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. Micropublication M816, 27 rolls.

[5] Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Year: 1870; Census Place: Hilton Head Island, Beaufort, South Carolina; Roll: M593_1485; Page: 171A; Image: 345

[6] Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. Year: 1880; Census Place: Hilton Head, Beaufort, South Carolina; Roll: 1221; Family History Film: 1255221; Page: 142A; Enumeration District: 46

[7] National Archives and Records Administration. Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000. Original data: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. T288, 546 rolls.

[8] Ancestry.com. South Carolina Death Records, 1821-1955 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Original data: South Carolina. South Carolina death records. Columbia, SC, USA: South Carolina Department of Archives and History.

0

Index of USCT Bounties Paid, South Carolina, 1866-1868

 

Source: Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1872 (NARA Micropublication M1910), Reel 23
 
Sample Page, Index of USCT Bounties Paid 1866-1868

Sample Page, Index of USCT Bounties Paid 1866-1868

Names of 166 USCT veterans who were paid bounties from 1866-1868 ~ Please click on link below to view document images:

 
Index of USCT Bounties Paid, SC 1866-1868 (pdf)
0

Honoring William Parsons, First USCT Soldier to Fall in Battle in SC

Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 11

Preview of selected images. You may view the entire file on Fold3: http://www.fold3.com/image/#262645290

Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 13, Detail

Preview of selected images. You may view the entire file on Fold3: http://www.fold3.com/image/#262645290

Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 13

Preview of selected images. You may view the entire file on Fold3: http://www.fold3.com/image/#262645290

Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 2

Preview of selected images. You may view the entire file on Fold3: http://www.fold3.com/image/#262645290

Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 3

Preview of selected images. You may view the entire file on Fold3: http://www.fold3.com/image/#262645290

Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 5

Preview of selected images. You may view the entire file on Fold3: http://www.fold3.com/image/#262645290

Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 7

Preview of selected images. You may view the entire file on Fold3: http://www.fold3.com/image/#262645290

Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 9

Preview of selected images. You may view the entire file on Fold3: http://www.fold3.com/image/#262645290
  • 0
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
#FFCC00fadetrue

The first military action of the United States Colored Troops in South Carolina was an expedition organized by Colonel Thomas Wentworth Higginson, commander of the 1st SC Infantry (later redesignated 33rd USCT). From January 23 to February 1, 1863, the 1st South Carolina Volunteer Infantry was on expedition from Beaufort up the St. Mary's River, which forms the boundary between Georgia and Florida.

The goal of the expedition was to surprise a Confederate encampment and capture much-needed lumber stores. Acting as guide on this expedition was Corporal Robert Sutton, who had made his escape to Union lines down that very river.

A skirmish developed as the 1st South Carolina was intercepted by a Confederate patrol from Captain Clark's cavalry before reaching the encampment. Private William Parsons of Company G, standing near Higginson, was killed instantly in the opening volley.

In his diary, Colonel Higginson recalls the expedition thus:

It was after midnight when we set off upon our excursion. I had about a hundred men, marching by the flank, with a small advanced guard, and also a few flankers, where the ground permitted. I put my Florida company at the head of the column and had by my side Captain Metcalf, an excellent officer, and Sergeant McIntyre, his first sergeant ... We plunged presently into the pine woods, whose resinous smell I can still remember.

All had gone smoothly as the troops made their way to the camp of the opposing troops; so smoothly, in fact, that Higginson was already imagining the troops springing from the woods, surprising the Confederate camp and forcing a surrender. Then suddenly:

There was a trampling of the feet of the advanced guard as they came confusedly to a halt, and almost at the same instant a more ominous sound, as of galloping horses in the path before us. The moonlight outside of the woods gave that dimness of atmosphere which is more bewildering than darkness, because the eyes cannot adapt themselves to it so well. Yet I fancied, and others aver, that they saw the leader of an approaching party mounted on a white horse and reigning up in the pathway; others, again, declare that he drew a pistol from the holster and took aim; others heard the words, "Charge in upon them! Surround them..." Perhaps at the first shot a man fell at my elbow [1].

The man who fell at Colonel Higginson's side was private William Parsons of Company G. Just 26 years old at the time of his death in battle, Parsons had enlisted at Port Royal, SC in January of 1863.

Born in Lowndes County, AL, Parsons listed his occupation as farmer at the time of his enlistment.

The 1st SC USCT were newly-formed when they made their first excursion up the St. Mary's, during which William Parsons was killed. The unit had received their charter and regimental colors just 24 days before.

So new was the regiment that at the time of his death in battle, William Parsons had not yet received his first pay [2].

Above: Detail from the Service Record of William Parsons, 33rd USCT. You may view the entire document on Fold3.

On this Memorial Day, we remember William Parsons of the 1st SC Infantry (later 33rd USCT), and honor the sacrifice he made in service to our country.

References Cited

[1] Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. 1962 Army Life in a Black Regiment. Reprint: Dungan Books. Digitized by Google Books, accessed 28 May 2012.

[2] "Compiled Military Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served with the United States Colored Troops: Infantry Organizations, 31st through 35th," database online, Fold3 (www.fold3.com), accessed 28 May 2012, entry for William Parsons, 33rd USCT.

Pin It on Pinterest