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Slave Dwelling Project Visits Bacon's Castle, Surry County, VA

After a 3 month hiatus, the Slave Dwelling Project came back strong with two stays in Virginia. The first of the stays was Bacon’s Castle which occurred on Friday, October 5, 2012. Constructed in 1665 in Surry County on the south side of the James River, Bacon's Castle is the oldest brick structure in North America. Best known for its connection to the Bacon’s Rebellion, it was home to Arthur Allen, his heirs, and other planters and their families from the seventeenth to the twentieth century.

When the Slave Dwelling project was in its infancy, I got a visit in my Charleston office of the National Trust for Historic Preservation from staff members of Preservation Virginia. They thought that the project would go over well at Bacon’s Castle. I remember being impressed that even at that early stage, the project had gained enough relevancy to garner the attention of this statewide organization. I vaguely remember telling Jennifer Hurst, Associate Director for Museum Operations and Education, that my time spent with them should be maximized. That part of the conversation came across to her loud and clear because maximizing my time is exactly what she did. As a result of Jennifer’s planning, the project directly interacted with more people than any other stay to date. Let me explain.

With the date chosen, it would still be about a year before the stay would occur. That time was utilized quite effectively with Jennifer planning and promoting the project on her end and me on mine. Social media played a big role in the buildup to the stay most notably yielding at least one guest that would share the stay at Bacon’s Castle. About two weeks prior to the trip, I had an interview from a Surry County, Virginia newspaper reporter which resulted in a newspaper article. An additional notice of the stay was printed in the local paper on the day the stay occurred. My ongoing involvement with the group Coming to the Table (CTTT) would also play a big role in this stay.

My first direct action with the Bacon’s Castle stay would occur in Richmond, VA. Jennifer arranged for me to spend my first night at historic Linden Row Inn. I was the honored dinner guest of members of the board of directors of Preservation Virginia. I had the pleasure of giving them a synopsis of the Slave Dwelling Project. I praised them for making Virginia state number twelve for the Slave Dwelling Project.

Joseph McGill in 54th Mass Uniform

Photo Courtesy of Toni Battle

In planning the events associated with the sleepover at Bacon’s Castle, Jennifer insisted that I bring my Civil War uniform. After explaining to Jennifer that when I fly to the sleepovers I lighten my carry-on luggage by not bringing my Civil War uniform, she continued to insist with her reason being that I was going to address children in the Surry County school system. Address the children I did, senior high, middle school and 3rd and 4th graders! It was an overall great experience as I adjusted the message to accommodate the age of the children that I addressed at the time. The students, some of whom had visited Bacon’s Castle the day before, responded accordingly with highly intelligent and engaging questions in the end.

While presenting to the first school group, Toni Battle of San Francisco and Devin Berry of Oakland, California showed up. I was expecting them. I met both of them in March of this year at the national gathering of the group Coming to the Table. Devin was my roommate while in Richmond and vowed that he would join me in a future stay. He's a man of his word, Bacon’s Castle would be that stay. Toni made it clear in Richmond that the ancestors are with me on this project even if I am in denial. Both Toni and Devin and one other Coming to the Table member, Prinny Anderson would spend the night in the slave cabin at Bacon’s Castle.

Joseph McGill and Devin Berry, Bacon's Castle Slave Dwelling. Photo Courtesy of Toni Battle.
Toni Battle and Joseph McGill Overlooking Slave Dwelling. Photo Courtesy of Toni Battle
Joe Gazes Out of Slave Dwelling Window. Photo Courtesy of Toni Battle
Toni Battle and Devin Berry, First Look at Bacon's Castle Slave Dwelling. Photo Courtesy of Toni Battle
Toni Battle Contemplating the Dwelling. Photo Courtesy of Toni Battle
Toni Battle in the Bacon's Castle Slave Dwelling. Photo Courtesy of Toni Battle
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#FFCC00fadetrue

Arriving at Bacon’s Castle on the day of the stay was not the first time for me but it was for Toni and Devin. The three of us arriving together proved invaluable because the photographic documentation began instantly, an important element that had been missing in this project to date. Although I had been in the slave cabin before, having the pleasure of witnessing Toni and Devin experience the space for the first time was quite moving. Containing four rooms on two levels, the structure is the only one of eighteen slave cabins left on the property and is situated among several other out buildings. Jennifer’s planning ensured that in a matter of hours seventeen people would occupy the two lower levels. Jennifer had already apprised me of the guest list and the one of which I was most skeptical was that of the media representative for I have been burned by that promise many times before.

Community Elders Outside Bacon's Castle Slave Dwelling

Photo Courtesy of Toni Battle

In an attempt to strengthen the relationship between Bacon’s Castle and the African American community, early in the planning of this event, Jennifer and I decided others should be given the opportunity to share the slave dwelling experience with me. In addition to the local people scheduled to stay that night, people from North Carolina, Texas and California were also scheduled to stay. Early in the evening, as we gathered in the big house, the people started to show: Barbara and Judy Anderson, two sister whose great-great grandmother was once enslaved at Bacon’s Castle; Michael Ray Vines, Jr. a student at Virginia State University, Reverend Daniel Baltimore, the Pastor of Mt. Nebo Baptist Church in Surry; Allison T. Williams a reporter for the Daily Press and a host of others. Ghost stories seemed to permeate the conversation but it became obvious that the local African American community rarely interacted with Bacon’s Castle.

Hearing the testimonials of why they all chose to spend the night in the slave cabin at Bacon’s Castle was verification to me of why the Slave Dwelling Project was necessary. Of all those testimonies, none meant more to me than the fact that I was sharing the experience with the Anderson sister whose great-great grandmother was enslaved at Bacon’s Castle.

After moving the group to the cabin, we all claimed our spot on the floor where we would place our sleeping bags to bed down for the night. On the porch of the cabin, a live video streaming and live chat were attempted. The chat was successful the video streaming failed. Time was then allowed for Toni Battle to conduct smudging which is blessing the space inside the cabin before we all moved outside again to form a circle for the pouring of libation as we were all reminded that this occasion was about honoring the ancestors.

Cotton Fields at Bacon's Castle

Photo Courtesy of Toni Battle

The following day was full of activities as demonstrations and presentations were planned throughout. Early that morning, before the audience began to arrive, one totally unplanned event happened. Devon Berry, Toni Battle, Prinny Anderson and me, all members of the group Coming to the Table all found ourselves at the cotton field bordering Bacon’s Castle. Although cotton was not the crop of which the enslaved at Bacon’s Castle labored, it was comforting that me and Devon, the descendants of slaves; Toni Battle, the descendant of slaves and whose ancestors were the subjects of lynching; and Prinny Anderson a descendant of Thomas Jefferson could all gather in a cotton field on a plantation to talk about the subject of slavery and the healing process. It was even more comforting that on our way back from that visit to the cotton field, we encountered one of the Anderson sisters whose ancestor was once enslaved at Bacon’s Castle. We learned from Mrs. Anderson that because of her opportunity to spend a night in the cabin, more opportunities for interacting with Bacon’s Castle now exist, more specifically, her becoming a volunteer tour guide and discussing with the rest of the family the possibility of having a family reunion on the property. Personally that alone would be mission accomplished for the Slave Dwelling Project but there was more to come.

Chef Harold Caldwell Prepares Black Eyed Pea Cakes

Photo Courtesy of Toni Battle

The most noted presenter of the day was Harold Caldwell an employee of Colonial Williamsburg who demonstrated period cooking. It was a pleasure to observe him as he interacted with his audience. His method of engaging them at every opportunity was inspiring to me. Sampling his creations was an added bonus. When I told him about my one experience of cooking beef stew in a slave cabin and the critique I got about slaves not having access to beef, he made me aware that it really depended on the plantation owner and that there are accounts of some masters issuing their slave beef or other meat products. The overall experience with Mr. Caldwell has certainly opened my mind to similar programs at other slave dwellings in the future.

It was a pleasure for me to interact with the people who came out to partake in the activities planned for the day. I had three occasions to address the visitors about the Slave Dwelling Project. I used the occasion to yield some time to some of the other people who shared the experience the prior night and to Jennifer to speak specifically about the history of the cabin and slavery at Bacon’s Castle. During the question and answer period after the second presentation. I got the question, “Can you tell my mom about the hat?” Initially the question was confusing to me because I was not wearing a hat at the time but then Jennifer immediately came to the rescue. Earlier that morning, I asked Jennifer if it was necessary that I wear the Civil War uniform, she replied that it was totally up to me, I chose not to. After hearing the question, Jennifer reminded me that the young student asking the question was a part of the school presentation the previous day and he remembered the hat that I wore with the Civil War uniform. His question was great on many fronts: methods of living history work, i.e. wearing period uniforms; the young man was successful in convincing his mother to bring him to the event; and Jennifer Hurst was right in insisting that I bring the Civil War uniform.

The Bacon’s Castle experience alone would put Virginia in the category of most exciting and engaging state for the Slave Dwelling Project thus far but before I left Virginia there was one more stay to be done. Next blog: Sweet Briar College, Sweet Briar, Virginia.

http://www.dailypress.com/news/isle-of-wight-county/dp-nws-slave-dwelling-project-20121008,0,6496097.story
Reflections from the Slave Dwelling: Joseph W. Jenkins

I am not a superstitious person but I come from a long line of people (farmers) who look for signs in nature to forecast events: The weather, how well or poorly their crops may turn out and when a child might enter the world.

A couple of days before my stay in the slave dwelling at Bacon’s Castle, as I drove down Rocky Bottom Road, I noticed, at the side of the road ahead of me, an unusual sight. As my car drew closer to the object, it took flight. It turned out to be a good sized hawk which was unable to gain altitude because of what it was holding in its talons. As I drew closer, I saw that the hawk was holding on to a large black bird – a raven. The predator hawk was flapping its wings but the raven’s weight was keeping it from ascending. I was concerned my car would hit the birds. As my car drove even closer to them, the hawk released its prey. The freed raven flapped its wings and quickly joined its flock that had been watching the drama unfold. The unsuccessful predator, having freed its burden, soared above the trees and into the sky.

The image of the drama stayed in my mind throughout that day and night as well. It even entered my thoughts the Friday afternoon while on my way to Bacon’s Castle. I kept trying to determine if what I witnessed was just something normal in nature, or was it some sort of sign?

I didn’t know what to expect from my stay in the slave dwelling. As the current president of the Surry County African American Heritage Society, I felt a sense of obligation to take part in the project to represent our organization and in some way, help make certain the truth about how the aftermath of Bacon’s Rebellion set the stage for the type of bigotry and discrimination we still have today. What is more, I felt that my stay in the slave cabin would provide a forum for me to express openly my strongly held belief that race is a lie and racism is a divisive, debilitating disease. My emotions and feeling of wonder heightened as I got closer to the main house on the castle estate.

When I entered the main house at Bacon’s Castle, the people who were to participate in the dwelling stay were already assembled and sitting in a circle. Introductions were made and we were given an opportunity to talk about our expectations relative to our participation. I was very impressed with the individuals who had come to participate. It was one thing to have Joseph McGill from South Carolina who was the project’s catalyst but it was quite another thing to be with individuals (descendants of Africans and Europeans) who had traveled from Texas, California, and North Carolina to be part of the project – together with Virginians whose family members were slaves on the very land we were occupying. So why did they come? To connect with their family history? To atone for someone’s past ills? To find release from guilt or just to acknowledge and better understand our country’s history? I guess we all had our known and perhaps suppressed reasons. Whatever the case, I noticed that as we talked the veil of unfamiliarity began to lower. Something unique was starting to unfold.

Perhaps one of the most extraordinary things occurred that Friday evening during and following the libation ceremony conducted by Ms. Toni Battle, who had come from San Francisco to take part in the project. Each of us was given an opportunity to remember and acknowledge our family members and ancestors. According to family lore, my paternal great grandmother (Cordelia), who was born of a free black woman, had at some point in her life worked at Bacon’s Castle. So, for me, there was a vague connection with the site. However, my maternal great grandfather, Peter Clarke, Sr., had been enslaved. Reportedly, he had been sold twice and was somewhat proud of a scar that was on his light complexioned face. We can only speculate as to how his facial wound came about and why it was a source of pride for him.

Given that bit of family history, I decided to dedicate my stay in the slave dwelling to the memory of my great grandfather, Peter Clarke, Sr., and all the people who endured the pain, suffering and humiliation of slavery in this country.

After the ceremony, we all remained standing in front of the slave dwelling and began to talk about all manner of things related to the dwelling, the plantation, the institution of slavery – and its impact on society; the pain and humiliation people endured; the stupidity of discrimination based on skin color; race as a social construct; the system of economic divide and conquer, and so on. As the content of our discussion became deeper, our inhibitions lowered even more. I felt that “we the people” were at long last being open and honest with each other about our anger, our fears, our pain and even our hopes. Truth was being spoken and something more honest was about to happen. And then it was time to lay down our heads on the slave cabin floor.

The cabin is rather small and it’s hard to believe that, at one time, it housed four families: Two on the first floor and two on the second. Fortunately, the cabin had a wooden floor. (Some slave cabins had dirt floors.) I anticipated gross discomfort being on the floor in my sleeping bag but to my surprise, I didn’t have any aches or pains.

As I lay there on the room with six other people in our section of the building, I guess I was waiting for something unusual to happen – -I had no idea what. Two of the people chatted about their families and ancestors. Two eighteen year old college students kidded with each other and my thoughts drifted everywhere and nowhere.

I tried to picture myself as a person enslaved. What would I do? How would I handle it? Could I survive the ordeal? Macho man notions entered my mind. Of course, I would invoke warrior powers and fight and prevail against all odds and reclaim my freedom and ride off into the sunset – to go where in a place I didn’t know? What would I do? And then I recalled hearing Billie Holiday’s song about southern trees bearing strange fruit. That was disconcerting.

As I lay there on the wooden floor, nothing mystical happened. I don’t think I expected anything to happen but it occurred to me that we folks of African ancestry are, in many ways, a unique and blessed people. We have survived trials in this land by the strength of our faith, the power of our hope and our capacity to find light in the darkness of despair. While I did not consciously expect anything in particular to happen while in the cabin, I was glad to be there at that time for whatever it mattered and for whatever difference it might make.

Out of the window that faced southeast, I saw a distant star that held my attention. I searched for meaning in it. It said nothing in particular. It just stared back from a distance. In the meantime, the students to my left were still restless and perhaps somewhat disengaged from the experience. So, at about 4:00AM, it occurred to me that perhaps this old man might be able to say or do something that they may recall favorably when, years from now, they think about their experience at Bacon’s Castle. So, I told them that our African ancestors who were brought here were not a homogeneous people. They came from different cultures, spoke different languages and had different religious beliefs. Some were animists. Some were Christians and some practiced Islam. I told them that it must have been extremely challenging for those diverse groups of people to be thrown together and to become one people in the harshest of circumstances. I told them about Bilal ibn Rabah, a black African who was born into slavery in Arabia. Bilal was treated inhumanly by his master and he was persecuted severely when he became one of the earliest followers of the Prophet Muhammad. However, despite the abuse Bilal ibn Rabah had to endure, he attained an honored status among the followers of his faith. He was the first person to call the Adhan (the Muslim call to prayer) at the Kabah in Mecca. His call to prayer is made five times a day and is heard around the world. And for the students, I called the Adhan.

I wanted the two students to know that despite their hardships; despite their setbacks; and despite their disappointments, they can make a difference in the world like Bilal ibn Rabah and so many other people throughout history.

Although it was unintentional, the call to prayer woke up Joe McGill (who slept next to me) and Toni Battle and Prinny Anderson, who slept on the other side of the cabin. Toni and Prinny came and sat with me and Joe McGill, and we all talked at length about all manner of things related to our country’s history and the general plight of our people. We agreed that the need for broad discussion among people of goodwill within our nation is a catalyst for healing, reconciliation and progress. We talked about the depth of the challenge we face in bringing people together and helping to end animus and the stupidity of discrimination based on skin color. We agreed there is a need for initiatives like “Coming To the Table” and the Slave Dwelling Project to raise awareness of the festering sore on the face of our nation. I pledged anew to myself to join the struggle.

During our early morning exchange, the image of the hawk and the raven I encountered a couple of days earlier came to my mind. I asked my colleagues what they might infer from my encounter: Had I just witnessed a natural phenomenon or could it have been a sign related to our experience at Bacon’s Castle. I’m not sure that we reached a consensus about the matter but I felt better knowing the raven went free to live out the day.

Sleeping Overnight at the Bacon’s Castle Slave Quarters: Prinny Anderson

The one remaining slave quarter at Bacon’s Castle, Surry, VA, is a white clapboard, four-room cabin, two rooms upstairs, two rooms down, each room home to a family, used since it was built in the late 1820’s until the last sharecropper moved out in the 1950’s. It saw 130 years of lives in bondage and servitude.

The cabin is among the outbuildings on the grounds of Bacon’s Castle, built around 1665 by Arthur Allen, and one of the only three remaining Jacobean style mansions in the Western Hemisphere. It took its name from Bacon’s Rebellion, which took place in 1676, when the house was occupied and the Allen family was temporarily driven away.

http://preservationvirginia.org/index.php/visit/historic-properties/bacons-castle

Bacon’s Rebellion was an uprising of the frontiersmen, indentured people, and enslaved people, African and European. The alliance alarmed the ruling elite, and historians believe that the harsh response by the Virginia government and the racialization of slavery were among the results.

On October 5, 2012, about 20 people gathered in a front room of the Big House at Bacon’s Castle for introductions and conversation. In the group were two sisters, Barbara and Judy, descendants of a woman who was enslaved at Bacon’s Castle, accompanied by the pastor of a large Surry County, VA, church. Jennifer came all the way from Texas on a trip researching her Virginia ancestors, and Allison came to report the experience for the Daily Press. There were three college students, and Jennifer, Lou, Joe, and Ed from Preservation Virginia (PV) (http://preservationvirginia.org/ ), the Surry County African American Heritage Society (SCAAHS) (http://www.surryafricanheritage.com ), and the Surry County Historical Society (SCHS) (http://surrycounty.pastperfect-online.com/ ). Our convener for the evening was Joe McGill, whose Slave-Dwelling Project (SDP) was critical to the event (http://www.lowcountryafricana.com/tag/slave-dwelling-project/ ) and three of his fellow members of the Coming to the Table community, Toni Battle and Devin Berry, who had flown in from California, and Prinny Anderson, who drove in from Durham, NC. (http://www.comingtothetable.org/ ). We owe many thanks to the PV staff and friends who had the vision to create this historic event, who worked to shore up the cabin’s chimneys and floors, who made all the arrangements to make the stay safe and comfortable, and who stayed late and woke early to bring us food.

Group members had many reasons for showing up that evening to do something most of us, other than Joe McGill, had never done before. Repeated themes in our introductions were the desire to honor and acknowledge the lives and work of the enslaved people as important in American history and essential to its economic survival for 3 centuries. We were there because of family connections to enslaved families, as a result of our research into genealogy and family history, and in response to an invitation to be at a very special event. Our thanks to Joe McGill and his Slave-Dwelling project for the ongoing work he does and for creating this special occasion for us.

After a tasty picnic meal of ham biscuits, peanut soup, vegetables, and apple fritters under the bright lights over the work yard behind the mansion, we moved to the slave cabin and set up our sleeping spaces. Joe McGill and Jennifer Hurst (Preservation Virginia) wrestled with the technology in an effort to provide streaming video via YouTube and an online chat through Facebook – both challenging with 4G connection only and no wifi.

As the evening darkened into night, we rededicated our sleeping quarters to the sacred memory of the enslaved ancestors who had lived there, and in an outdoor circle and we called to mind family members and ancestors who represented our connections to the place and to one another.

Something about dedicating the space and our actions along with the darkness, the mild breezes, and the dim lanterns seemed to encourage forth the questions and truths that were resting on our hearts and minds. What kind of strength and courage allowed the former inhabitants of this cabin to endure? How could we, today, even begin to imagine their daily lives? What kind of belief system allowed the European landowners to own, trade and oppress the imported African people? Why did “black” become “bad”? What’s up with white people, such that individual and institutional racism persist? What prevents white people from seeing the harm and from dismantling the systems that perpetuate it? What will it take to get white people to change?

We told about the family stories and the traditions of our faiths and our foremothers and forefathers that brought us to this place and these questions, the stories and traditions that sustain us through the sorrow and pain. We talked about managing the anger, finding ways to speak truth without alienating those who need to hear – learning to “catch more flies with honey,” as Joe put it. We talked about living with the shame and sadness of recognizing today how many years of oppression, harm and destruction we and our kin had perpetrated. And all through the conversations, wove personal stories, family stories, memories, and questions. By the time we fell asleep, Barbara and Judy had convinced us that the loving presence of Grandmother Camilla was smiling on us, and in the morning, we were awakened by the dawn call to prayer.

On the 6th, Preservation Virginia held “History Day” at Bacon’s Castle. Speaking to the visitors, Jennifer described the history of the slave quarters and Joe told stories of the Slave-Dwelling Project. Toni, Devin and Prinny spoke about why they had spent the night and what it was like. The visitors shared their stories. One woman pointed out where her family’s cabin had been and recounted the hard realities of the sharecroppers’ lives. A student who had heard Joe McGill speak the day before at his middle school told how he had insisted that his mother bring him to Bacon’s Castle for another dose of history.

CTTT’s Art Carter drove over from the Eastern Shore of Virginia to meet people from the African American Heritage Society. CTTT’s involvement in this particular SDP sleepover began several months ago when PV and Joe McGill invited us to partner with them, not just for this occasion, but potentially on an ongoing basis. In parallel with The Slave-Dwelling Project’s mission of bringing recognition to the lives and contributions of the enslaved Africans, PV wants to encourage SCAAHS and SCHS to take their interest in local history to another level of telling the meaning of the histories of the people, the land, the lives, and the events, and weaving local history into American history, making the stories of African Americans, Native Americans and European Americans of Tidewater Virginia into the stories of all Americans.

Three weeks before the SDP overnight, PV staff members Jennifer and Todd went with Prinny Anderson from CTTT to meet with the SCAAHS. After Prinny’s talk about the work of CTTT, the chairman of SCAAHS asked if the time was right for their organization to begin talking openly about race, about the story of the races in Surry County, and its meaning for the country. By the end of the meeting, the SCAAHS members were discussing Bacon’s Rebellion and the racialization of slavery in the U.S., events that happened in their back yards, a story directly linked to their stories, and a story worth bringing forward into the national consciousness.

CTTT hopes that through its participation in these events and whatever further activities are planned, it can support PV, the Heritage Society and the Historical Society in continuing the conversation about the issues raised during the night at Bacon’s Castle and in reaching the goals sketched out at the SCAAHS meeting three weeks before.

Links to the Daily Press stories about the October 5/6 overnight and a video made by Allison Williams, the reporter, about the Slave-Dwelling Project’s work:

Announcement of overnight: http://www.dailypress.com/news/isle-of-wight-county/dp-nws-soj-notebook-1005-20121004,0,1860127.story

First story: http://www.dailypress.com/news/isle-of-wight-county/dp-nws-slave-dwelling-project-20121008,0,6496097.story

Reflections from reporter: http://www.dailypress.com/news/isle-of-wight-county/dp-nws-soj-notebook-1012-20121011,0,549403.story

Video – Slave Dwelling Project: http://www.dailypress.com/videogallery/72790797/News/Video-Slave-Dwelling-Project

From Whence We Come: Toni Renee Battle

I met Joseph McGill, Jr. in March of 2012 and he told me about his work through The Slave Dwelling Project. I found within my spirit an immediate response to his work. My steps were being ordered to partake in this ancestral journey. We met at the Coming To the Table (CTTT) national gathering, which brought together descendants of the enslaved, slave owners and slave traders for the purposes of healing from the legacy of slavery, but also doing action work, creating safe spaces for difficult conversations and family history research in today’s times.

Devin Berry, who is also a member of CTTT, and I committed to attending a slave dwelling overnight with Joseph during the same weekend. Through community donations, he and I were able to embark on an incredible experience that will last a lifetime.

We arrived in VA and spent our first day in Surry, VA at school assemblies watching Joseph, dressed as a Black union soldier, provide a historical narrative to the youth, 1st through 12th grades, and also give some background to the previous slave dwellings he had visited in the past. We also had an opportunity to explore Bacon’s Castle plantation together with Joseph, prior to the other guests arriving for that evening’s overnight.

As we drove onto the plantation grounds, Devin and I turned to each other asking the same question, “Did you feel your breathing change and your chest tighten up?” It was as if, our ancestral spirits were responding to the history of the land we had just drove onto. We quickly got out of the car and began taking photos of the “BIG house” and of the incredibly long driveway leading onto the plantation grounds. After parking, Joseph excitedly asked us if we were ready to visit the slave cabin we would be staying in for the evening. Devin and I immediately said at the same time, “YES!” The three of us walked behind the big house and saw a cabin sitting just beyond a tree. It was white-washed and rustic. The closer we got, the more emotion I felt. Here we were, three Black folks in 2012, descended from the enslaved, two of us Black men, one of us descended from the enslaved, slave master and slave trader, about to walk into our ancestral past; what a moment!

Devin Berry Pays Homage to the Ancestors

Photo Courtesy of Toni Battle

As Joseph opened the cabin doors, Devin and I looked at each other and entered sacred space. If the walls could talk there would be stories of pain, horror, joy and sadness. The wood seemed to scream at me as I ran my hands along its roughness. Immediately I begin singing, “There’s a sweet, sweet spirit in this place, there’s a sweet, sweet spirit in this place!” You could feel the ancestors’ spirits within this dwelling. I immediately felt a sacredness in the space as the three of us took photos. To see Devin dressed in jeans and a tee-shirt and Joseph in a union uniform was as if the past and present were talking at the same time. As Black men standing there, with one foot in the past and one foot in the present, in a slave cabin was very powerful. The three of us experiencing it together was as if the ancestors were whispering over our shoulders as we looked out the window onto the slave quarters, “From whence we come!”

Toni Battle's First Experience of Bacon's Castle Slave Dwelling

Later that evening we met the rest of the group that would be staying with us and proceeded over to the slave cabin. During the evening we blessed the cabin, conducted libation, celebrating the ancestors and those who were enslaved on the land and then we gathered together in the two rooms of the cabin. We shared sacred stories of our family histories and we were blessed to hear the Anderson sisters (two women from the Surry, VA area) share with us that their great-great grandmother had been enslaved at Bacon’s Castle Plantation and they were overnighting as a way of paying respects to her memory. I asked one of the sisters what it felt like for her to be in the cabin, on the land her ancestors had been enslaved on; she responded, “I thought I would feel anger, but I feel nothing but my grandmother’s love as if she’s right here with us. I can’t begin to tell you what an amazing experience this is for us! It’s very healing. I’ve drove past this plantation the last 30 years and wanted no parts of it. But The Slave Dwelling Project seemed different. It told OUR story.” We all listened in great appreciation and reflected on our own feelings.

I laid down with Prinny Anderson (another CTTT member) and Devin on purpose, because I wanted to have the experience of us sharing this sacred space together. During the night, Prinny and I heard a woman singing in the distance. We both later smiled, feeling our ancestors were letting us know they were in the space with us. Before dawn, we were awakened by Mr. Joe Jenkins, of Surry, VA. Before dawn he sung the Muslim morning call to prayer. He sung it in honor of the enslaved who were Muslim and forced to convert to Christianity as a means of stripping them of their identities. One of the first things that were done to the enslaved were before boarding the slave ships, they were baptized into Christianity and given “good, Christian” names. They were forbidden to practice anything representative of their previous culture, traditions, religions or language. As Mr. Jenkins’ deep voice traveled the slave cabin, my very soul answered. My body sat straight up and I rose and walked to the other side where he sat singing in the new day. I sat with others, as tears ran down my face in awe of the very reverence of the moment.

Entire Bacon's Castle Sleepover Family

Photo Courtesy of Toni Battle

The day was filled with the community coming out to learn about the history of Bacon’s Castle, which for the first time included the enslaved narrative in a very authentic way. Many from the Black community in Surry, stated it was the first time many of them had been on the land in decades. They believed The Slave Dwelling Project had provided an opportunity to begin a new chapter of healing from the legacy of slavery. Family members descended from the enslaved of Bacon’s Castle shared oral stories of their ancestors, elders shared experiences of their families sharecropping post slavery and some shared their hopes that the day had birthed a starting point of a new relationship with the plantation’s past. There were tears, sacred storytelling, laughter, cooking of traditional Black and Native food dishes, and lots of hugging and listening to shared pains and joys. I found myself at a tree facing the slave cabin and being brought to tears as I looked around. Wasn’t this what the ancestors had just whispered over Devin, Joseph and my shoulders the previous day? “From whence WE come!”

The Slave Dwelling Project was an opportunity for me to not only pay homage to the ancestors and educate others about the need to preserve these dwellings as part of the historical narrative, but it was also a way for me to begin healing some of the generational grief and wounded history within my ancestral line. This was one of the most sacred experiences of my entire life!

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Welcome to the New Lowcountry Africana Youth Corner!

Welcome to the new Lowcountry Africana Youth Corner, where we share resources and ideas for involving young ones in family history. One great way to interest children in family history is to encourage them to ask family members (especially elders) about their lives, and their memories of ancestors.

The upcoming holidays are a great time for kids to learn from elders, while the family is gathered.

And StoryCorps has created the National Day of Listening, a new national holiday devoted to oral history, to help you get started!

Each year, Story Corps asks all Americans to set aside an hour on the day after Thanksgiving to interview a friend, loved one or community member about their lives, and to record the interview using recording equipment that is readily available in most homes, such as computers, smartphones, tape recorders or pen and paper, along with StoryCorps’ free Do-It-Yourself Instruction Guide.

Want to learn more about oral history? Here is a great video series on oral history made by kids, from the Minnesota Historical Society - "How to Do Oral History."

Hope you enjoy and find some inspiration here! To learn more about the National Day of Listening and how your family can participate, please click here!

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Today's Video: Getting Started on Your Oral History Project

Today we feature part 2 of a great series on oral history, produced by the Minnesota Historical Society.

"Getting Started on Your Oral History Project" will help you learn about the oral history process, determine the purpose of your project, establish who you will interview, do general research and become familiar with your equipment.

Hope you enjoy and find the video helpful!

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Transcript of Live Facebook Chat with Joseph McGill of the Slave Dwelling Project

Evening friends! We just had a wonderful live Facebook chat with Joseph McGill of the Slave Dwelling Project! Joe was chatting live from his stay at Bacon's Castle. You can view live streaming video of his stay by following this link:

Transcript of Live Chat

In case you missed any of the live chat, here is a recap. Any questions Joe was not able to answer during the chat, he will answer in a special blog post when he returns from his trip. Many thanks to everyone who joined us, it was fun!

George Geder: Dear Joseph, Have you encountered any writings, inscriptions on walls, pieces of newspaper, or anything that may have suggested that there was any reading or writing going on in the slave dwelling?

Joseph McGill: Yes, I have but limited. Remember it was illegal for them to read and write. Pat Richley-Erickson: I know the discomfort you experience sleeping in such a dwelling is nothing compared to the life experienced by the original inhabitants. Please share your thoughts as you settle in for the night.

Joseph McGill: Tonight is comforting because of all of the company I have.

True A Lewis: I'm just curious abt the whole process and look forward to learning. IS it taped? and does his mind and body go back to those times in Slavery?

Joseph McGill: The process is quite simple. Sleep in a slave cabin and leverage the attention that it brings.

Diana DuMond Glass: What is the feeling you take away with you as you leave the dwellings?

Joseph McGill: A feeling of satisfaction that I am honoring the ancestors.

Paul Garbarini: Is this the oldest dwelling you've stayed in?

Joseph McGill Yes, located at the oldest brick dwelling ii.. (lost him here!)

Fallon Green: Have you ever thought of sharing your experience by linking up with UStream? I think your idea is great and I believe there is a wider audience for what you are doing? I want not only to chat with you...but also to share with you the experience...in a place that is SAFE and FAR away from critters you so calmly mention? Have you thought at all about taping your experience for wider consumption so that others can then share in your reflection on the experience of sleeping in each slave cabin? It would be great to know the names of the people who once slept there and what they did...?

Joseph McGill Yes, I am doing more research on the people. I am trying to master the technology for capturing this project.

Bernice Bennett: Joe, what do you usually take with you for an overnight stay in a cabin?

Joseph McGill Sleeping bag, pillow and a club.

Pat Richley-Erickson: hmm, a club.

Tusculum Institute at Sweet Briar College: Is the club for guarding against animals, people, or both?

Joseph McGill: Animals

Sarah Edwards Kemp: How and when did you get started with the Project? Also, how do you identify which cabins to sleep in? Thanks!

Joseph McGill: 2010

Jacqueline DeGroat: How many people are with you tonight?

Joseph McGill: 17 people

Charlotte Hutson-Wrenn: wow!

Regina Mason: Joe, now that you have been doing this for a while, has the bureaucracy or resistance to your staying in slave cabins gotten any easier?

Nadia K. Orton asks: Have you encountered any major problems or resistance in arranging a stay?

Joseph McGill I am making progress.

True A Lewis: Are people allowed to sign up to go on these slave dwelling experiences with you?

Joseph McGill: Yes, I will release the 2013 schedule soon.

Yvette Porter Moore asks: Has there been any excavations? Are there any graves, or any other markings around the cabins that would reveal that these people lived here?

Joseph McGill: Limited excavation, it is not known where the slave graves are.

Regina Mason asks: Joe, now that you have been doing this for a while, has the bureaucracy or resistance to your staying in slave cabins gotten any easier?

Nadia K. Orton: Have you encountered any major problems or resistance in arranging a stay?

Joseph McGill I am making progress. I had a good week last week. college of charleston, nps

Charlotte Hutson-Wrenn: Wishing you the best this evening, Joe! Wish I could be there to draw the night. What colors would you say you feel in the night during these experiences - any? white? black? red? blue?

Joseph McGill: Mosaic

Charlotte Hutson-Wrenn ha! like in rainbow, I bet:)

Dianne Watson Armstrong: so wish I were there tonight. Sending you love and support from Helena, Montana. I am awed by this project and dream of being a part. I know the ancestors are smiling on you.[/dcs_p]

Joseph McGill: I will release the 2013 schedule soon.

Tina Sansone: Is he keeping a diary or any writings of this? any documentary being done, sorry if this has been asked, I came in late.

Joseph McGill No documentary

Tina Sansone: There is an area here in Memphis where slave cabins use to be. Does he feel using the metal detector in these areas will bring up anything today's time period?

Joseph McGill Metal detecting should be done by professionals.

Many thanks to everyone who joined us for the chat, and watch this space for Joe's answers to questions he did not get to answer in the chat!

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Freedmen's Labor Contract, E.M. Clark, James Island, Charleston, SC

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Charleston County, SC, Contracts

Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1868

NARA Record Group 105

M1910, Reel 63, Target 12

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

E.M. Clark with Freed people

DATE OF CONTRACT:

April 4, 1866

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Charleston County

South Carolina

James Island

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS
  • Samuel Townsend
  • Susan Roane
  • Jimmy Glaze
  • John Mikell
  • Dinah Mikell
  • Frank Haywood
  • Gabriel Rogers
  • Phebe Rogers
  • Hector Rogers
  • Mosses Young
  • Harriet Singleton
  • Rebecca Haywood
  • Billy Mack
  • Jacob Ladson
  • Charles Mitchell
  • Wm Gedders
  • Kit McKnight
  • Aaron Simons
  • Betty Simms
  • Thomas Chapagne
  • Nannie St. Clair
  • York Men
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    The Slave Dwelling Project: The One That Got Away

    Laurelwood Slave Cabin, Soon to be Restored

    In my attempt to bring much needed attention to the necessity to restore and interpret extant former slave dwellings throughout the United States, over the past 2 ½ years I have spent the night in 36 such places in 11 states. Known as the Slave Dwelling Project, past stays have included cabins on plantations to dependency buildings in urban settings or attic space in the main house, these dwellings are built of wood, brick, stone or whatever was available in the area at the time of construction.

    Plantations that housed the enslaved that toiled in fields of rice, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane and hemp have all been stops along the way for the Slave Dwelling Project. Urban dependencies that housed the enslaved that serviced the mansions or the businesses that existed within antebellum cities have also been stops for the Project. Fellow Civil War reenactors, school teachers, tour guides, writers and descendants of slaves and slave owners are only a few of the categories of approximately fifty people that have shared the experience with me.

    Through this journey there was only one stay that eluded me, the offer that I had to refuse. Stay Number 16, Laurelwood Plantation was placed on the list as a result of collaborating with the Palmetto Trust for Historic Preservation. Included in the mission of the Palmetto Trust is the preservation of historic buildings located throughout the State of South Carolina.

    One method that the Trust uses for preservation is acquiring historic properties through a revolving fund, placing easements on them and selling the property to a preservation friendly buyer. Laurelwood Plantation was such a property. I had all confidence that the stay would occur swimmingly because my seventh stay at Morris Street in Anderson, SC was also arranged by the Palmetto Trust.

    This stay was scheduled for Friday, April 15, 2011 to coincide with the day the Trust would celebrate the sale of the site to its new owners Jackie and Jeremy Thomas. When I arrived that day a group of supporters had already gathered there to celebrate with the new owners. On many occasions up until that point, I always made it my business to get to each site no-later-than 5:00 pm because it was necessary that I check each place thoroughly before dark. Unfortunately, sleeping in the slave cabin on the site on that night was not meant to be due to its dilapidated state. Had I known this prior to showing up on the property, it would not have been placed on the calendar for the Slave Dwelling Project. All was not lost because I did the next best thing by sleeping on the porch of the mansion which also needed to be restored.

    Priority for preservation for the new owners was of course the mansion but they assured me that restoring the cabin was on their short list of things to do. I praised their intent and enthusiasm knowing that similar promises from other owners had been made but to that date restoration of those places was still pending. Additionally, the new owners were also in the process of relocating from England to Eastover, SC.

    Well, I kept in touch with Jeremy. I even went back for a visit to the site when he returned from England to check on the progress of the work that was being done to the mansion. Jeremy had to deal with some very serious contractual matters but despite that, he again assured me that he would restore the cabin and grant me access for educational purposes.

    The Good News

    The Richland County Conservation Commission has granted the Palmetto Trust for Historic Preservation a $25,000 grant to restore the cabin. The grantee agrees to provide a 20% match of cash or in-kind services of at least $5,000 for a minimum project cost of $30,000. More specifically the grant will be used to rebuild the rock chimney and fireplace; replace the rock foundation and piers; repair the floor system and exterior siding and replace the roof.

    The restoration is currently underway and upon completion, I will conduct that stay in the cabin that eluded me. That stay is scheduled for Saturday, November 3, 2012. More importantly, I will work with the owner and the Palmetto Trust to develop programs to interpret the dwelling.

    Thanks to the Richland County Conservation Commission, the Palmetto Trust for Historic Preservation and the willing property owners, Jackie and Jeremy Thomas, the slave cabin at Laurelwood Plantation has become the best example of why the Slave Dwelling Project has to continue.

    Related Links

    http://www.aboutourfreedom.com/2011/05/slave-dwellings-owners-saving-landmarks.html

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    Join Friends of McLeod for a Free Lecture by Joseph McGill of the Slave Dwelling Project

    Joe McGill of the Slave Dwelling Project

    Joe McGill, Creator of the Slave Dwelling Project

    What: Free Lectue by Joseph McGill, Creator of the Slave Dwelling Project

    When: Tuesday, September 18

    Where: 217 Fort Johnson Road, Charleston, SC

    Admission: Free

    ---August 26, 2012 The Friends of McLeod, Inc. invite the public to attend a free presentation by Joseph McGill who will speak on his Slave Dwelling Project on Tuesday, September 18 at 7:00 pm at the DNR auditorium at Fort Johnson, 217 Fort Johnson Road, Charleston, SC.

    McGill is with the National Trust for Historic Preservation and is a reenactor with the 54th Massachusetts Regiment. To quote one source, “His message is strikingly simple. He spends the night in various slave dwellings (cabins or quarters within homes) as they currently exist throughout the United States to convey a direct message - This Place Matters.”

    McGill has spent the night in 36 extant slave dwellings in 11 states. On June 19, 2010 (Juneteenth), he spent the night at McLeod Plantation and was accompanied by two fellow Civil War reenactors, one of whom is a descendent of an enslaved family at McLeod.

    “McLeod is a perfect example of restoring buildings that have the potential to tell a segment of the complete story of Americaʼs past,” says McGill. “More specifically, the slave cabins are a rare part of the African American-built environment that has often been only a footnote in American history,” adds McGill.

    McGillʼs presentation is suitable for students, families and friends. When McLeod Plantation is opened to the public, possibly next year, this lecture is one of a series of informative topics that the Friends of McLeod are preparing so all will have some knowledge about the beauty and the history of what they will see at this last remaining plantation on James Island.

    A reception will be held after the lecture so everyone can meet Mr. McGill.

    This program is co-sponsored with a grant from The SC Humanities Council.

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    Freedmen's Labor Contract, Frederick Fraser with Freedmen, Colleton County, SC, 1865

    Freedmen's Labor Contract

    Colleton District, June 1865-Feb. 1868

    Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina,

    Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

    NARA M1910, Roll 103, Target 5

    TITLE OF CONTRACT:

    Frederick Fraser with Freed people

    DATE OF CONTRACT:

    No date, 1865

    PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

    Colleton District

    South Carolina

    St. George's Parish

    NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS:
  • Daniel Smith
  • Priam Edwards
  • Frank Washington
  • Chloe Washington
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    Freedmen's Labor Contract, Dr. Joseph Murray with Freedmen, Goose Creek, SC, 1865

    Freedmen's Labor Contracts

    Charleston County, SC, Contracts

    Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina,

    Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1868

    NARA Record Group 105

    M1910, Reel 63, Target 12

    TITLE OF CONTRACT:

    Dr. Joseph Murray with freed people

    DATE OF CONTRACT:

    July 4, 1865

    PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

    Charleston County

    South Carolina

    Goose Creek

    NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS
  • Plenty Murray (colored atty)
  • Nancy Murray
  • Hamp Murray
  • Allen Prince
  • Joseph Murray
  • Keasiah Jo
  • Morgan Murray
  • Harriet Murray
  • Moses Murray
  • Harry Murray
  • Adeline Murray
  • Libby Murray
  • Nelly Murray
  • Sampson Murray
  • Louis Rhett
  • MaryAnn Rhett
  • Amelia Rhett
  • Jane Rhett
  • Louisa Murray
  • Barbery Richard
  • Henry Murray
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    African American Civil War Lecture Series

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

    August 23, 2012

    For additional information contact:

    Joseph McGill 843-408-7727

    jmcgill@savingplaces.org

    African American Civil War Lecture Series

    The fourth installment of the SC African American Heritage Commission's (SCAAHC) African American Civil War Lecture Series will be Thursday, September 20 at the Greenville Cultural Exchange Center, 700 Arlington Ave., Greenville, SC, at 6:30 - 8 pm.

    Since February, SCAAHC has presented lectures that explore the way African Americans lived during the Civil War and the roles they played in the war. The lecture series was made possible by a grant from The Humanities Council SC.

    The lectures will continue the Commission’s commitment to commemorating the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War in a way that promotes historical and cultural understanding. The presenters and their subjects will include:

  • SCAAHC member Dr. Abel Bartley, Professor and the Director of Pan-African Studies at Clemson University speaking on The Causes of the War
  • Dr. Eric Emerson, Director of the SC Department of Archives and History speaking on the Ordinance of Secession
  • SCAAHC member Dr. Larry Watson, Associate Professor and Coordinator of History at SC State University speaking on Black Confederates
  • All lectures supported by the Humanities Council grant are free and open to the public.

    "The South Carolina African American Heritage Commission is grateful to the Humanities Council SC and the participating scholars for their support of the commission's mission to illuminate all aspects of South Carolina African American history for all South Carolinians," said SCAAHC chairman Bhakti Larry Hough of Hemingway. "The story of African Americans during the Civil War and the war's impact on them during and since the war is certainly one that is worthy of illumination."

    Additional sponsors have ensured that the grant challenge is met and that additional lectures can be added. They are the South Carolina African American Historical Alliance; Fort Sumter / Fort Moultrie Trust; and the South Carolina Department of Archives and History.

    The mission of the South Carolina African American Heritage Commission is to identify and promote the preservation of historic sites, structures, buildings, and culture of the African American experience in South Carolina and to assist and enhance the efforts of the South Carolina Department of Archives and History. The 15-member commission includes representatives from all regions of the state.

    For additional information, contact the project coordinator SCAAHC member Joseph McGill at 843-408-7727.