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Georgia Freedmen's Labor Contracts

African American Family at The Hermitage Plantation, Savannah, GA

African American Family at The Hermitage Plantation, Savannah, GA
Library of Congress Reproduction Number: LC-D4-34666 (b&w glass neg.)
Call Number: LC-D4-34666 [P&P]
http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/det1994015798/PP/, accessed 30 Jan 2013.
No known restrictions on publication.

The Freedmen's Bureau in Georgia

The regulation of written labor agreements between planters and freedmen was a major concern of the Freedmen’s Bureau.

In September of 1865, General Davis Tillson was appointed Assistant Commissioner for the state of Georgia. In December of 1865 Tillson issued wage guidelines for Freedmen's labor. In upper and middle Georgia, where the land was poor, men's wages were set at $12–$13 per month, and $8–$10 dollars per month for women. Freedmen were to provide for their own clothing and medicines.

In other parts of the state and along the coast where land was more suited to raising large crops, men's wages were set at $15 per month, and board and lodging were to be provided. Women were to be paid $10 per month. If planters preferred to pay a share of the crop, Freedmen were to receive from one-third the gross to one half the net proceeds.

Where fair and equitable contracts could not be made, the bureau offered transportation to freedmen to such areas as southwest Georgia and the Mississippi Valley where wages were higher. By November of 1866, 381 orders had been issued for transportation for some 2,947 men and 1,013 children [1].

Please read below to view individual labor contracts as they are posted. You can click on document images to view them larger, or in full screen mode.

References Cited

[1] Records of the Field Offices for the State of Georgia, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1872 (NARA Micropublication M1903)
0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, A.J. Hardee With Tibby Williams, Louise Hunter and Emma Jones, Brooks County, GA, 1866

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Savannah, Georgia

Labor Contracts, 1865-1868

Records of the Field Offices for the State of Georgia,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1903, Roll 82

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

A J Hardee and Tibby Willliams and others

DATE OF CONTRACT:

April 27, 1866

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Brooks County

Georgia

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS:

Tibby Williams

Louisa Hunter

Emma Jones

0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, A.J. Hardee With Freedmen, Brooks County, GA, 1866

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Savannah, Georgia

Labor Contracts, 1865-1868

Records of the Field Offices for the State of Georgia,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1903, Roll 82

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

A J Hardee and George Jones

DATE OF CONTRACT:

April 27, 1866

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Brooks County

Georgia

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS:

George Jones

John Jonlssen

John Jones Jr

Simon Williams

0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, T.A. Groover With Freedmen, Brooks County, GA, 1866

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Savannah, Georgia

Labor Contracts, 1865-1868

Records of the Field Offices for the State of Georgia,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1903, Roll 82

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

T A Groover

DATE OF CONTRACT:

April 16, 1866

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Brooks County

Georgia

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS:

G W McMurry

Ammon Adams

Ellick McMurry

Minda McMurry

0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, Abner Groover With Freedmen, Brooks County, GA, 1866

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Savannah, Georgia

Labor Contracts, 1865-1868

Records of the Field Offices for the State of Georgia,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1903, Roll 82

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

Abner Groover

DATE OF CONTRACT:

March 31, 1866

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Brooks County

Georgia

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS:

Charles Linton and family

Thomas McLeod and family

Coleman Lewis and family

Isaiah Lee

Van Buren Linton

0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, James Groover With Freedmen, Brooks County, GA, 1866

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Savannah, Georgia

Labor Contracts, 1865-1868

Records of the Field Offices for the State of Georgia,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1903, Roll 82

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

James Groover

DATE OF CONTRACT:

April 7, 1866

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Brooks County

Georgia

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS:

John Green

Granville Mills

William Little

B W Smith

Handy Cason

Green Bemy

George Stephens

James Jamson

3

Freedmen's Labor Contract, William Patterson With 107 Freedmen, Strathy Hall Plantation, Savannah, GA, 1867

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Savannah, Georgia

Labor Contracts, 1865-1868

Records of the Field Offices for the State of Georgia,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1903, Roll 82

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

[William Patterson and 107 Freedmen] [title not on image of cover]

DATE OF CONTRACT:

March 22, 1867

Frames 397-403

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Strathy Hall Plantation

Savannah

Bryan County

Georgia

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS:

Dublin Glaze

March Jones

December Clark

Cumberland Bush

Tom Mack

Isaac Handy

Harry Bush

Thomas Lee

Minter Brown

Billy Coleman

Toney Bush

Prince Niles

Aleck Green

Abner White

March Drayton

Harris Slider

James Polite

Hester Polite

Peter McBride

Shadrack Johnson

Peter Jones

Sue Jones

Joe Walbergh

Eliza Walbergh

John Drayton

Peggy Drayton

Tom Handy

A Handy

Will Jones

Charlotte Bush

Moses Jenkins

Danny Brown

Nelly Brown

S Sutton

L Sutton

George Gordon

Lucy Yonge

Becky Joiles

Nann Drayton

Isaac Hines

Mary Hines

Major Anderson

Morris Blidge

Andrew Blidge

Ben Blidge

March Marshall

Emmer Marshall

P Polite

Lewis Gibbons

John Harris

Grace Jenkins

C Jones

Martha Bush

Elin Polite

Harry Polite

L Bush

Isaac Bush

P Night

Minder Night

D LaCount

P LaCount

J Brown

E Brown

Ann Brown

Ned Burroughs

Polly Burroughs

Martha Harris

R White

Hethy Younge

Jane Davidson

V Drayton

Margaret Hargrave

D Green

Smart Hazzard

J Hazzard

Ned Brown

Darcus Blidge

C Wallace

Nancy Brown

Hethy Drayton

L Drayton

Margret Clark

P Mack

R Mack

Molly Mack

Jane Handy

June Drayton

J Brown

Joe Bush

Rose Jones

Sanders Jones

Joe Morrison

Bader Morrison

Jane Gray

Nancy Habersham

Leah Jones

Sarah Bush

P Coles

J Bush

George White

S Bush

James Ward

Rose Ward

Silvey Wattham

M Night

Mungo Reed

D Reed

Minty Glaze

0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, John A. Edmondson With Freedmen, Brooks County, GA, 1866

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Savannah, Georgia

Labor Contracts, 1865-1868

Records of the Field Offices for the State of Georgia,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1903, Roll 82

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

John A Edmondson

DATE OF CONTRACT:

April 17, 1866

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Brooks County

Georgia

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS:

Darisa Collier

Stephen Collier

Peter Collier

Hannah Collier

Jemima Collier

four others unnamed in family

0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, Dollie Crawford With Sallie Groover, Brooks County, GA, 1866

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Savannah, Georgia

Labor Contracts, 1865-1868

Records of the Field Offices for the State of Georgia,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1903, Roll 82

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

Dollie Crawford and Sallie Groover

DATE OF CONTRACT:

April 7, 1866

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Brooks County

Georgia

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS:

Dolla Crawford

children

0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, R.D. Brown With Mariah, Her Two Children and Edmond McIntyre, Brooks County, GA, 1866

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Savannah, Georgia

Labor Contracts, 1865-1868

Records of the Field Offices for the State of Georgia,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1903, Roll 82

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

R D Brown

DATE OF CONTRACT:

April 6, 1866

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Brooks County

Georgia

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS:

Mariah

two children

Edmond McIntyre

0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, Daniel Blanton With Freedmen, Brooks County, GA, 1866

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Savannah, Georgia

Labor Contracts, 1865-1868

Records of the Field Offices for the State of Georgia,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1903, Roll 82

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

Daniel Blanton

DATE OF CONTRACT:

January 1, 1866

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Brooks County

Georgia

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS:

Caleb Beaseley

Rosean Kell

Rosean's two small children

Lenah McDonald

Hester Claton

Hester's three small children

Pages:12

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