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South Carolina Ancestors

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elcome to the Lowcountry Africana South Carolina Ancestors page, where we present records and resources for SC research. We hope you find some great resources here to keep your research moving forward!
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Remembering Isaac Seabrook, Company C 21st USCT, Edisto Island, SC

Remembering Isaac Seabrook, Company C 21st USCT

Isaac Seabrook USCT Compiled Military Record Detail

Isaac Seabrook, born on Edisto Island about 1840, enlisted in the United States Colored Troops (USCT) in Hilton Head, SC on May 11, 1863 [1]. Isaac was one of six young men born on Edisto who enlisted that day. The others were Prince Seabrook, Peter Seabrook, James Seabrook, Ishmael Seabrook and Edward Seabrook, all born on Edisto.

Isaac Seabrook was 16 years old when he enlisted to serve a three-year term in the military. He was placed in Company C, 21st USCT. He was mustered out in Charleston, SC on April 25, 1866.

History of the 21st USCT

The 21st USCT was organized from 3rd and 4th Regiments, South Carolina Colored Infantry, March 14, 1864. The 3rd Regiment was organized at Hilton Head, SC in June of 1863. The 4th Regiment was organized at Fernandina, FL in July of 1863. Both units were re-designated 21st Regiment USCT March 14, 1864.

The 3rd Regiment, organized in Hilton Head, saw duty at Jacksonville, Fla., till April, 1864. They were moved to Hilton Head, SC, thence to Folly Island, SC, April 18. They served on Folly Island, Morris Island and Coles Island operating against Charleston, S. C., till February, 1865.

From June 30 to July 10, they served in an expedition to James Island, SC. They saw combat action on James Island July 2. The Regiment served garrison duty at Charleston and Mt. Pleasant, S. C., till August, 1865, and at various points in SC and GA till October, 1866. They were mustered out October 7, 1866 [3].

Freedmen's Bank Record, Isaac Seabrook

Sometime in 1868, Isaac Seabrook opened an account at the Freedmen's Savings and Trust (Freedmen's Bank). The account register contains many biographical details as well as the names of Isaac's family members [4].

The information Isaac supplied for the account register was:

No. 2756 Isaac Seabrook, "C," 21

Where Brought Up: Same Place

Where Born: Edisto Island

Residence: Seabrook Landing, SC

Age: 20

Complexion: Dark

Occupation: Farming

Works For: Himself

Wife: Lizzie Williams

Children: Richard Ford

Father: Alfred

Mother: Katie

Brothers: Simon & George Ford

Sisters: Margaret & Nanny Ford and Nanny Jones

Signature: Isaac Seabrook X His Mark

 

Life After the USCT

Isaac may have changed his name to Ford (the surname of his immediate family members) sometime between 1868 and 1870, or may have had the surname Ford before Emancipation. Many USCT troops in South Carolina were enlisted with the last name of the final slaveholder and later changed their names [2].  In his Freedmen's Bank application, Isaac Seabrook listed his parents as Alfred and Katie, his wife as Lizzie, his son Richard Ford and brothers Simon Ford and George Ford.

The 1870 Census finds the following household in Beaufort, SC in 1870 [5]:

Ford, Isaac,  Age 24, Male, Black, Farmer, Born SC

Ford, Jane, Age 21, Female, Black, Keeping House, Born SC

Ford, Richard, Age [illegible, very faint], Male, Black, Born SC

Ford, Rose, Age 2, Female, Black, Born SC

Ford, Albert, Age 50, Male, Black, Farmer, Born SC

Ford, Katie, Age 50, Female, Black, Keeping House, Born SC

Ford, Simon, Age 22, Male, Black, Farm Labor, Born SC

Ford, George, Age [illegible, very faint], Male, Black, Farm Labor, Born SC

 

1880 Federal Census, Hilton Head, Beaufort, SC

In the 1880 Census, Beaufort, SC,  we see [6]:

Ford, Isaac, Black, Male, Age 37, Farm Laborer

Ford, Lizzie, Black, Female, 28, Farm Laborer

Ford, Richard, Black, Male, 13, Son, Farm Laborer

Ford, Rose, Black, Female, 11, Daughter, Keeping House

Ford, Romeo, Black, Male, 8, Son

Ford, James, Black, Male, 5, Son

Ford, Mary, Black, Female, 1, Daughter

Also in Beaufort in 1880 we find:

Ford, Alfred, Black, Male, 70, Farm Laborer

Ford, Katie, Black, Female, 69, Keeping House

 

Military Pension Index

That Isaac may have changed his name to Ford is further supported by a pension index record in the name of Isaac Seabrook alias Isaac Ford, for service in Company C, 21st USCT [7]:

 

Death Certificate, Hilton Head, Beaufort, SC

A death certificate for Isaac Ford may also support that hypothesis the Isaac changed his name to Ford after serving in the USCT. The certificate, below, states that Isaac Ford, Black, Male, Farmer died May 4, 1920. His parents are listed as Alfred Ford and Katie Ford, both born in SC [8].

 

We recall that Isaac Seabrook who served in C Company, 21st USCT, listed Alfred and Katie as his parents. His siblings were listed with the surname Ford, as was his son. If this is your family, the possibility of a name change is certainly worth looking into further.

We remember Isaac Seabrook and honor his service in the 21st USCT.

 

References Cited

[1] National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Compiled Military Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served With the United States Colored Troops: Infantry Organizations, 20th through 25th; Microfilm Serial: M1823; Microfilm Roll: 32

[2] Gourdin, John Raymond. 2009 Borrowed identity : 128th United States Colored Troops : multiple-name usage by Black Civil War veterans who served with Union regiments organized in South Carolina. Westminster, MD : Heritage Books

[3] U.S. Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System; database online, http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/index.html, accessed 31 May, 2011.

[4] Ancestry.com. Freedman's Bank Records, 1865-1871 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005.Original data: Registers of Signatures of Depositors in Branches of the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company, 1865-1874. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. Micropublication M816, 27 rolls.

[5] Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Year: 1870; Census Place: Hilton Head Island, Beaufort, South Carolina; Roll: M593_1485; Page: 171A; Image: 345

[6] Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. Year: 1880; Census Place: Hilton Head, Beaufort, South Carolina; Roll: 1221; Family History Film: 1255221; Page: 142A; Enumeration District: 46

[7] National Archives and Records Administration. Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000. Original data: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. T288, 546 rolls.

[8] Ancestry.com. South Carolina Death Records, 1821-1955 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Original data: South Carolina. South Carolina death records. Columbia, SC, USA: South Carolina Department of Archives and History.

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Index of USCT Bounties Paid, South Carolina, 1866-1868

 

Source: Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1872 (NARA Micropublication M1910), Reel 23
 
Sample Page, Index of USCT Bounties Paid 1866-1868

Sample Page, Index of USCT Bounties Paid 1866-1868

Names of 166 USCT veterans who were paid bounties from 1866-1868 ~ Please click on link below to view document images:

 
Index of USCT Bounties Paid, SC 1866-1868 (pdf)
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Honoring William Parsons, First USCT Soldier to Fall in Battle in SC

Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 11

Preview of selected images. You may view the entire file on Fold3: http://www.fold3.com/image/#262645290

Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 13, Detail

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Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 13

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Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 2

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Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 3

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Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 5

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Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 7

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Wm. Parsons Service Record, Page 9

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#FFCC00fadetrue

The first military action of the United States Colored Troops in South Carolina was an expedition organized by Colonel Thomas Wentworth Higginson, commander of the 1st SC Infantry (later redesignated 33rd USCT). From January 23 to February 1, 1863, the 1st South Carolina Volunteer Infantry was on expedition from Beaufort up the St. Mary's River, which forms the boundary between Georgia and Florida.

The goal of the expedition was to surprise a Confederate encampment and capture much-needed lumber stores. Acting as guide on this expedition was Corporal Robert Sutton, who had made his escape to Union lines down that very river.

A skirmish developed as the 1st South Carolina was intercepted by a Confederate patrol from Captain Clark's cavalry before reaching the encampment. Private William Parsons of Company G, standing near Higginson, was killed instantly in the opening volley.

In his diary, Colonel Higginson recalls the expedition thus:

It was after midnight when we set off upon our excursion. I had about a hundred men, marching by the flank, with a small advanced guard, and also a few flankers, where the ground permitted. I put my Florida company at the head of the column and had by my side Captain Metcalf, an excellent officer, and Sergeant McIntyre, his first sergeant ... We plunged presently into the pine woods, whose resinous smell I can still remember.

All had gone smoothly as the troops made their way to the camp of the opposing troops; so smoothly, in fact, that Higginson was already imagining the troops springing from the woods, surprising the Confederate camp and forcing a surrender. Then suddenly:

There was a trampling of the feet of the advanced guard as they came confusedly to a halt, and almost at the same instant a more ominous sound, as of galloping horses in the path before us. The moonlight outside of the woods gave that dimness of atmosphere which is more bewildering than darkness, because the eyes cannot adapt themselves to it so well. Yet I fancied, and others aver, that they saw the leader of an approaching party mounted on a white horse and reigning up in the pathway; others, again, declare that he drew a pistol from the holster and took aim; others heard the words, "Charge in upon them! Surround them..." Perhaps at the first shot a man fell at my elbow [1].

The man who fell at Colonel Higginson's side was private William Parsons of Company G. Just 26 years old at the time of his death in battle, Parsons had enlisted at Port Royal, SC in January of 1863.

Born in Lowndes County, AL, Parsons listed his occupation as farmer at the time of his enlistment.

The 1st SC USCT were newly-formed when they made their first excursion up the St. Mary's, during which William Parsons was killed. The unit had received their charter and regimental colors just 24 days before.

So new was the regiment that at the time of his death in battle, William Parsons had not yet received his first pay [2].

Above: Detail from the Service Record of William Parsons, 33rd USCT. You may view the entire document on Fold3.

On this Memorial Day, we remember William Parsons of the 1st SC Infantry (later 33rd USCT), and honor the sacrifice he made in service to our country.

References Cited

[1] Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. 1962 Army Life in a Black Regiment. Reprint: Dungan Books. Digitized by Google Books, accessed 28 May 2012.

[2] "Compiled Military Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served with the United States Colored Troops: Infantry Organizations, 31st through 35th," database online, Fold3 (www.fold3.com), accessed 28 May 2012, entry for William Parsons, 33rd USCT.

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African American Genealogy: Searching Online Records in SC? Don't Forget These Valuable Resources!

FamilySearch South Carolina Collections (current to Dec 2013):

FamilySearch Collections: Title

Records

Last Updated

South Carolina, Births and Christenings, 1846-1935 14,805 9 Mar 2012
South Carolina, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865 1,195,302 21 Apr 2012
South Carolina, Deaths, 1915-1943 636,445 31 Dec 2011
South Carolina, Deaths, 1944-1955 231,138 27 Mar 2010
South Carolina, Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977 Browse Images 9 May 2011
South Carolina, Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964 Browse Images 14 Oct 2012
South Carolina, Marriages, 1709-1913 4,154 9 Mar 2012
South Carolina, Darlington County Records, 1798-1923 155,292 13 Dec 2013
South Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Records, 1865-1872 118,737 20 Dec 2013

Lowcountry Africana

Right here of course! We are a free website dedicated to African American genealogy and history in SC, GA and FL

Low Country Africana ~ Freedmen's Bureau Microfilm Reading Room

Entire Freedmen’s Bureau microfilms for Berkeley, Charleston, Colleton and Georgetown, each film has more than 1,000 pages of original historical documents.

Lowcountry Africana: South Carolina Slave Records on Fold3

South Carolina Estate Inventories and Bills of Sale, 1732-1872 contain thousands of images of estate inventories which list assets of property owners in Charleston, South Carolina. The records include the names of hundreds of plantations and thousands of enslaved ancestors. The collection also includes estate inventories for free African American ancestors. The bills of sale in this collection represent every surviving bill of sale for Charleston District from 1732 to 1872 and contain the names of thousands of enslaved and free ancestors.

South Carolina Department of Archives and History Online Index

The SCDAH On-line Records Index is an item-level index to selected colonial, state, and county record series held at the archives.

Lowcountry Digital Library

The Lowcountry Digital Library contains a variety of materials from public and private archives, libraries, archives, and museums. Here you will find a wide variety of media – manuscripts (including many plantation records), books, pamphlets, images and sound recordings. A treasure trove awaits your exploration.

African Americans in the South Carolina Room

A rich collection of documents shared by E.E. Vaughn, one notable collection is abstracts of SC death index.

Digital Library on American Slavery

The Digital Library on American Slavery offers a searchable database of detailed personal information about slaves, slaveholders, and free people of color. There are many Lowcountry records here.

Documenting the American South

Documenting the American South (DocSouth) is a digital publishing initiative that provides Internet access to texts, images, and audio files related to southern history, literature, and culture. Currently DocSouth includes fifteen thematic collections of books, diaries, posters, artifacts, letters, oral history interviews, and songs.

Chronicling America: Historic Newspapers from the Library of Congress

Search America's historic newspapers pages from 1836-1922 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress.

African American Cemeteries Online

Includes extensive cemetery transcriptions for the Lowcountry Southeast.

IntermentNet ~ South Carolina Cemeteries

Removal of Graves by the Santee Cooper Project, Moncks Corners, South Carolina

Graves and Cemeteries removed from the Santee Cooper project Area affected by the flooding of the lakes areas. A total of more than 7,000 graves were determined to be in the Project Area. Of this number more than 6,000 were removed from the affected area and relocated in areas above the high water marks of Lake Marion and Moultrie; principally Lake Moultrie.

The Large Slaveholder Project

Essential starting point for identifying slaveholders by state

SankofaGen Wiki

Resources for plantations and the slave trade, historical documents and a database (wiki format)

South Carolina Plantations

From SCIWAY, South Carolina’s Information Highway, data on known SC plantations ~ location, owners, number of slaves

Lowcountry Plantations by Johnnie Rivers

Johnie Rivers, the original creator of South Carolina Plantations, carries on her work to document plantations in SC

USF Africana Heritage Project

Rediscovering the names and lives of slaves, freedpersons and their descendants. Although the site is national in focus, there are many SC records there, among them Freedmen’s labor contracts for Berkeley and Georgetown districts.

Christine's Genealogy Website | Who are your people?

Directories of searchable databases, extensive transcriptions relevant to the Lowcountry, new historical documents coming online here daily.

The Freedmen's Bureau Online

Transcriptions of Freedmen's Bureau records for several states, from Christine's Genealogy Website. Extensive transcriptions for Lowcountry FL, GA and SC. A must for your Lowcountry research toolkit.

Free African Americans of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware, by Paul Heinegg

Two books you can read on-line containing about 2,000 pages of family histories based on all colonial court order and minute books on microfilm at the state archives of Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina and Delaware (over 1000 volumes), 1790-1810 census records, tax lists, wills, deeds, free Negro registers, marriage bonds, parish registers, Revolutionary War pension files, etc.

"Other Free" Heads of Household in the 1790 South Carolina Census, by County, from Paul Heinegg

Research Guides ~ SC African American Ancestors

Most Overlooked Record-Types in South Carolina by Robin Foster

Video tutorial and PowerPoint presentation from Robin Foster to help you locate new records to search for SC ancestors.

South Carolina African Americans

From FamilySearch, a comprehensive research guide for researching SC ancestors.

Online County-Level SC Records ~ Directories and Search Engines

South Carolina Genealogy Research Guide

From DiscoverSouthCarolina.com, a county by county list of libraries, archives, museums and family history centers.

SCIWAY.com

SCIWAY is your essential starting point for state and county-level links for South Carolina. The definitive list of South Carolina genealogy links.

Linkpendium ~ South Carolina

Astoundingly exhaustive county and state-level links

Cyndi’s List

The definitive collection of Internet genealogy links

The Records Project: Your Encyclopedia for State and County Public Records

The Records Project is an online community dedicated to building the largest, free public records encyclopedia.

GenealogyInTime Genealogy Search Engine

Search over 1.2 billion historic records across hundreds of genealogy websites. Fast, convenient and free.

Mocavo

Mocavo is the world's first and largest genealogy search engine. Their search index indexes over four billion names and is the fastest search in the industry by more than ten times. You must register for a free account to view search results.

Beaufort County ~ Online Resources

Beaufort County Message Board ~ Ancestry.com

Heritage Library Foundation

The Heritage Library is a private reference library and research center which is open to the public at a modest daily fee of ten dollars. The Library houses the records of The Hilton Head Island Historical Society containing a wealth of historical information, old photographs, and maps of Hilton Head Island and the Low Country.
The library is an affiliated library of the Family History Library operated by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Here you can view microfilm and microfiche maintained by the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.

Beaufort County Library ~ Beaufort District Collection

The Beaufort District Collection was created in 1992 to record the rich historical, cultural, and environmental heritage of the former Beaufort District. The BDC Research Room houses the research collection which researchers can visit. The reading room will accommodate 7 visitors, group visits must be scheduled in advance. The BDC has two online collections of interest to family historians:
This collection of 548 photographs comes from two albums of family photographs created by Conrad Munro Donner (1844 - 1916). Within the collection are photographs of many African Americans in Beaufort County in the early 1900s.
The Newspaper Obituary Index does not include the actual texts of the obituary notices. The actual texts of the obituary notices are on file in the Beaufort District Collection and may be ordered. Some obituaries are available on microfilm at other local libraries.

Beaufort County Cemetery Records ~ IntermentNet

Slave Manifests, RG 36 ~ National Archives Atlanta

On March 2, 1807, Congress passed a law prohibiting the importation of slaves into the United States beginning January 1, 1808. This Act required that all vessels of 40 tons or more carrying slaves in the coastwise trade file duplicate manifests at the ports of origin and destination, pledging that the slave had not been imported into the U.S. after 1807.

Beaufort, S.C. Slave Manifests (Outbound)

By Slave Owner's Name
By Slave's Name

Charleston County ~ Online Resources

Charleston County Message Board ~ Ancestry.com

South Carolina TriCounty Genealogy

Extensive collection of online records for Berkeley, Charleston and Dorchester counties ~ marriages, baptisms, court records, maps, cemetery records and more

1794 Charleston City Directory ~ From South Carolina TriCounty Genealogy

Lowcountry Africana Full-Text Reading Room:

Charleston South Carolina Probate Court Online Search

Here you can search for abstracts of:
Document images can be printed from microfilm at the Marriage License Division: Marriage License Division Judicial Center 100 Broad Street, Suite 469 Charleston, SC 29401 (843) 958-5183 (843) 958-5191 (Fax)
Document images can be printed from microfilm at the Charleston Probate Court: Estate Division Historic Courthouse 84 Broad Street, Third Floor Charleston, SC 29401 (843) 958-5030 (843) 958-5044 (Fax)

Charleston County Public Library ~ The South Carolina Room and The Charleston Archive

The staff of the Charleston Archive has created several pathfinders to assist the public in understanding and accessing the materials within the collection. Click on the titles to view the pathfinders in PDF format (Adobe Reader is required for viewing).
The staff of the Charleston Archive has created finding aids for many of its collections. These finding aids include physical descriptions, historical notes, and collection outlines. To view the entire finding aid, click on the title of the chosen collection. All finding aids are in PDF format, so Adobe Reader is required.
(A compiled alphabetical index of the 1877 precinct ledgers, which contains 7,189 names, is available here:)
  • Charleston County Public Library ~ Charleston Archive ~ Records of the Commissioners of the House of Correction, 1868–1885

This collection contains a single register of the inmates of the House of Corrections, a Post-Civil War institution for the confinement of vagrants and violators of city ordinances. The register provides information on all inmates of the institution (men, women, and children) including: date of admission, name, age, birthplace, last residence, length of time in Charleston, occupation, discharge date, and remarks. The volume lacks entries for the years 1876-1880.
A transcription of these records is now available in a searchable PDF format (in three parts):

Slave Manifests, RG 36 ~ National Archives Atlanta

On March 2, 1807, Congress passed a law prohibiting the importation of slaves into the United States beginning January 1, 1808. This Act required that all vessels of 40 tons or more carrying slaves in the coastwise trade file duplicate manifests at the ports of origin and destination, pledging that the slave had not been imported into the U.S. after 1807.
Charleston, S.C. Slave Manifests (Inbound)
By Slave Owner's Name
By Slave's Name

Georgetown County ~ Online Resources

Georgetown County Message Board ~ Ancestry.com

Georgetown County Digital Library

Provides free access to an extensive collection of digitized plantation journals, rare photographs, historical newspapers, real estate indentures, personal journals and letters.

USGenWeb, Georgetown County

Yauhannah Descendants

Records of the Lower Pee Dee River area of Georgetown County. Extensive collection of wills, Bible records, cemetery and tax records and more.

Freedmen's Bureau Labor Contracts, Georgetown County, SC ~ USF Africana Heritage Project

The Georgetown Gazette Jan 3, 1801 - Feb 17, 1810 ~ Google News Archive

What Are YOUR Favorite SC Resources?

Which SC resources do YOU recommend? Please leave a comment to add your favorites!

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South Carolina Historical Society Placing Finding Aids Online

The South Carolina Historical Society, one of the richest archives for Lowcountry genealogy research, has embarked on a project to place their finding aids online.

Planning a research trip to Charleston? Be sure to bookmark the South Carolina Historical Society's Finding Aids page and check back often to see their new additions.

What Are Finding Aids? How Can They Help Your Research?

Finding aids are detailed inventories of documentary collections, prepared by archivists. While an archive's catalog will give you an overview of a particular collection, finding aids take you much deeper into the collection and help you identify which portions of a collection may be most useful for your research.

Online Finding Aids Can Help You Prepare for Your Research Trip and Save You Valuable Time on the Ground

If you know in advance which boxes and folders you want to view from a given collection, you can make the most of your research time when you arrive.

Let's look at an example from the first batch of online finding aids for the South Carolina Historical Society. The Ball Family Papers are one of the richest collections of plantation records among the South Carolina Historical Society's holdings. If we look at the description of the Ball Family Papers in SCHS's online catalog, we see the following summary:

Ball Family Papers Catalog Summary

Now let's look at a portion of the finding aid for the Ball Family Papers. Here we see much more detail:

Ball Family Finding Aid Detail

Make the Most of Your Research Time in Charleston

Research hint ~ When the South Carolina Historical Society closes in the late afternoon, you can head over to the South Carolina Room and the Charleston Archive at the Charleston Public Library, less than 5 minutes away, and extend your research time into the evening. The South Carolina Room and the Charleston Archive have finding aids online as well, so you can really plan ahead!

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Freedmen's Bureau Record Breaks Through the 1870 Brick Wall for SC African American Genealogy

Record Connects Freedmen with Former Slaveholders

So rarely does a record from Reconstruction actually connect freed people to a former slaveholder. When we find records like this we are so excited.

We are very excited today, because we found another! This record is a part of the "Pre-Bureau" records for South Carolina.

Having taken Port Royal in 1861, Union forces were in lower South Carolina long before the Freedmen's Bureau was established. This record does not have a date but is interleaved with records made in 1865. It is reproduced on NARA Micropublication M869, Reel 38.

This record appears in rations requests and lists the names of elders with plantations and the names of former slaveholders. What a find!

Please click on the image below to view the record full-size. We hope you find an ancestor here. Happy Ancestor Hunting from the crew at Lowcountry Africana!

Record Connects Freedmen with Former Slaveholders

References Cited

United States, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of South Carolina Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1870 (NARA Micropublication M869), Reel 38.

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Marriage and Divorce Records for Charleston, Strawberry Ferry, Johns Island, and Camden, 1865-1866

Source: United States, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands. Marriage and Divorce Records for Charleston, Strawberry Ferry, Johns Island, and Camden, 1865-1866. South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Series Number .F601301, Record Group Number 601300.

Notation at top of journal: "Marriage records from an old book used by Rev. Mansfield French, Chaplain in U.S. Army, stationed at Beaufort, South Carolina from March 1862 as Chaplain of Hospital Base No. 1, U.S. Army. He was engaged in Freedmens Bureau work for the Government and held his commission as Chaplain until about February 1868, working in Negro education & relief work at Beaufort and at Charleston, SC."

Groom: Patrick Williams

From What Place: Wadmalaw Island SC

to

Bride: Diana Brown

Date: March 21, 1866

From What Place: Wadmalaw Island SC

Rev. M. French

At What Place Married: Charleston SC

Groom: Lewis Fenick

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

to

Bride: Leah Fenick

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

March 20, 1866

Rev. Thos J. Evans

At What Place Married: Strawberry Ferry SC

Groom: Joseph Motor

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

to

Bride: Katherine Simmons

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

March 20, 1866

Rev. Thos J. Evans

At What Place Married: Strawberry Ferry SC

Groom: George Harris

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

to

Bride: Nancy Middleton

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

March 20, 1866

By Rev. Thos J. Evans

At What Place Married: Strawberry Ferry SC

Groom: Sampy Lovely

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

to

Bride: Tenah Wright

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

March 20, 1866

By Rev. Thos J. Evans

At What Place Married: Strawberry Ferry SC

Groom: Charles Harris

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

to

Bride: Mary Ann Brown

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

March 20, 1866

By Rev. Thos J. Evans

At What Place Married: Strawberry Ferry SC

Groom: Snow Aiken

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

to

Bride: Lucy Rady

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

March 20, 1866

By Rev. Thos J. Evans

At What Place Married: Strawberry Ferry SC

Groom: Joshua Garrett

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

to

Bride: Rose Morton

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

March 20, 1866

By Rev. Thos J. Evans

At What Place Married: Strawberry Ferry SC

Groom: Ishmael Steward

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

to

Bride: Bina Aiken

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

March 20, 1866

By Rev. Thos J. Evans

At What Place Married: Strawberry Ferry SC

Groom: Handiff Ford

From What Place: Strawberry Ferry SC

to

Bride: Dappy Wally

From What Place: Johns Island SC

December 10, 1865

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Toby Heyward

From What Place:Johns Island SC

to

Bride: Affy Wally

From What Place: Johns Island SC

December 10, 1865

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Peter Connor

From What Place:Johns Island SC

to

Bride: L. Whaley

From What Place: Johns Island SC

December 21, 1865

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Henry Muck

From What Place:Johns Island SC

to

Bride: L. Whaley

From What Place: Johns Island SC

December 21, 1865

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Kit Drayton

From What Place:Johns Island SC

to

Bride: Phillis Whaley

From What Place: Johns Island SC

January 10, 1866

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Jack Huggins

From What Place:Johns Island SC

to

Bride: Mary Cambell

From What Place: Johns Island SC

January 12, 1866

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Scipio Brown

From What Place:Johns Island SC

to

Bride: B. Whaley

From What Place: Johns Island SC

February 1, 1866

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Adam Roberts

From What Place:Johns Island SC

to

Bride: Jane Townsend

From What Place: Johns Island SC

February 1, 1866

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Mosy Jenkins

From What Place:Johns Island SC

to

Bride: Jane Townsend

From What Place: Johns Island SC

March 1, 1866

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Joseph Doctor

From What Place:Johns Island SC

to

Bride: Bina Jenkins

From What Place: Johns Island SC

March 10, 1866

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Paul Drayton

From What Place:Johns Island SC

to

Bride: Sarah Townsend

From What Place: Johns Island SC

March 11, 1866

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Charley Bryant

From What Place:Johns Island SC

to

Bride: Sarah West

From What Place: Johns Island SC

March 11, 1866

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: John Simmons

From What Place:Johns Island SC

to

Bride: Cath Jenkins

From What Place: Johns Island SC

January 15, 1866

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Adam Pinckney

From What Place:Johns Island SC

to

Bride: Jane Francis

From What Place: Johns Island SC

January 15, 1866

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Joe Chisolm

From What Place:Johns Island SC

to

Bride: Betsie Bennett

From What Place: Johns Island SC

February 4, 1866

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Henry Redick

From What Place:35th USCT

to

Bride: Margaret Moses

From What Place: Charleston SC

April 24, 1866

By Rev. John Graham

At What Place Married: Johns Island SC

Groom: Riley Moore

From What Place:35th USCT

to

Bride: Emma Carada (?)

From What Place: Charleston SC

April 24, 1866

By Rev. M. French

At What Place Married: Charleston SC

Groom: Orman Smith

From What Place:35th USCT

to

Bride: Amy Chism

From What Place: Charleston SC

April 24, 1866

By Rev. M. French

At What Place Married: Charleston SC

Groom: Caesar Collins

From What Place:35th USCT

to

Bride: Fanny Fenix

From What Place: Charleston SC

April 24, 1866

By Rev. M. French

At What Place Married: Charleston SC

Groom: Bartley Millard

From What Place:35th USCT

to

Bride: Rina Reed

From What Place: Camden SC

March 29, 1866

By Rev. M. French

Groom: Zacharia Keys

From What Place:NC, 35th USCT

to

Bride: Eliza Richardson

From What Place: Camden SC

March 29, 1866

By Rev. M. French

Groom: Edmund Gregory

From What Place:New Bern, NC, 35th USCT

to

Bride: Elizabeth Ford

From What Place: Charleston SC

March 29, 1866

By Rev. M. French

Groom: John Gaskell

From What Place: 35th USCT

to

Bride: Elizabeth Prichard

From What Place: Charleston SC

March 29, 1866

By Rev. M. French

Groom: Griffin Benson

From What Place: 35th USCT

to

Bride: Jane Jenkins

From What Place: Charleston SC

March 29, 1866

By Rev. M. French

Divorces

John Young

and

Nancy Young

Charleston, SC

April 5, 1866

Samuel Wigfall

Charleston, SC

and

Annie Wigfall

Mt. Pleasant, SC

April 5, 1866

John Morrison

Charleston, SC

and

Finnie Morrison

Charleston, SC

April 17, 1866
0

Marriage Notices from Charleston African American Newspapers

MARRIED In this city, by Rev. T.W. Lewis, Andrew Smalls to Tena Palmer. 10th Harry White to Marg't Green. Nov. 17, John Moore to Nancy Ann Ore(?). Nov 23, Joseph Richardson to Anna Lawrence.

On Sunday, 17th Inst., by Rev. Jacob Legare, Mr. Joseph Milliken to Miss Frances, daughter of H.P. Pinckney.

Source: Chronicling America, Database Online at Library of Congress. Marriage Notices, South Carolina Leader, 25 Nov 1865, Page 3. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025783/1865-11-25/ed-2/seq-3/, accessed 22 Dec 2012.

MARRIED In this city, by Rev. T.W. Lewis, December 2nd, William White to Rosana Vanderhorst.

Source: Chronicling America, Database Online at Library of Congress. Marriage Notices, The South Carolina Leader, 9 Dec 1865, Page 3. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025783/1865-12-09/ed-2/seq-3/, accessed 22 Dec 2012.

MARRIED In this city, by Rev. T.W. Lewis, Dec 24th Julia Williams to John Houston. 28th, Frank Patterson to Rebecca Simmons. 31st, July Lloyd to Rhoda Gaddis. 31st, Julius Martin to Betsey Brown.

Source: Chronicling America, Database Online at Library of Congress. Marriage Notices, South Carolina Leader, 6 Jan 1866, Page 5. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025783/1866-01-06/ed-1/seq-5/, accessed 22 Dec 2012.

Marriages -- At Darlington on the 16th Inst., by Rev. B.F. Whitemore, William Robinson and Miss Serena Sanders.

At Florence Feb. 17th by Rev. T.S. Lewis, Joseph Cannon and Sally Ruggles; also Wm. Deas and Sylvia Blacwell; also Daniel Wilson and Harriet Nettles.

On the 14th Inst., in this City, at the residence of the bride, by Rev. B.F. Randolph, Mr. Wilson Heyward, to Miss Annie Deveaux. All of Charleston.

On the 20th inst., in this City, at the house of the bride, by Rev. B.F. Randolph, Mr. Rash Perry to Miss Fannie Brown. All of this City.

At the Chapel of the Wentworth St. A.M.E. Church, Feb 21st by Rev. A. Webster, Mr. William Brown and Miss Patcy Strafon.

Also on the 21st Inst., by the same, at the Baker Institute, Mr. William Stuart and Miss Elsie Liles. All of this City.

Source: Chronicling America, Database Online at Library of Congress. Marriage Notices, The Charleston Advocate, 23 Feb 1867, Page 3. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025784/1867-02-23/ed-1/seq-3/, accessed 22 Dec 2012.

MARRIED -- at Sumter, May 25th. by Rev. T.W. Lewis, Edmond Chambers to Melvina Moore. Also Merriman Millett to Anna Keith, also Pinckney Owens to Lovlea (?) James.

By Rev. R.H. Cain, on Wednesday morning, May 27th at Morris A.M.E. Church, Mr. Benj. W. Middleton to Miss Mary Sabina Campbell, all of Charleston.

Source: Chronicling America, Database Online at Library of Congress. Marriage Notices, The Charleston Advocate, 1 Jun 1867, Page 3. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025784/1867-06-01/ed-1/seq-3/, accessed 22 Dec 2012.

Marriages --- At Lynchburg So. Ca. 20th Inst. by Rev. B.F. Whittemore, Abraham Durant and Sophronia Durant.

At Darlington 22d inst. by same, Abraham Brown and Miss Silly Bacot.

Source: Chronicling America, Database Online at Library of Congress. Marriage Notices, The Charleston Advocate, 2 Mar 1867, Page 3. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025784/1867-03-02/ed-1/seq-3/, accessed 22 Dec 2012.

WEDDED ON WHEELS

Novel Experience of a South Carolina Couple

Greenville. Special. -- The passengers and crew of the Southern train between Columbia and Greenville were treated to an unusual attraction, being witnesses to the marriage of Miss Riggs of Orangeburg to Mr. Holloway of Chappells, which was solemnized while the train was speeding along between Helena and Silver Street at the rate of 45 miles an hour. Miss Riggs was en route to Abbeville to visit the family of her uncle there. Mr. Holloway and a couple of friends boarded the train at Prosperity, having arranged that the minister should get on at Newberry. As soon after leaving Newberry as possible the marriage took place and the happy folks left the train at Chappells, where they will reside.

Source: Chronicling America, Database Online at Library of Congress. Marriage Notices, The Afro-American Citizen, 17 Jan 1900, Page 1. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025782/1900-01-17/ed-1/seq-1/, accessed 22 Dec 2012.

0

Index of Crop Liens, James Island, Charleston County, SC, 1885 to 1894

Immediately following the Civil War, group labor contracts were the means by which the transition from slave to paid agricultural labor was made. After the Freedmen's Bureau withdrew from the southern states, contract labor gave way to tenant farming and the crop lien system.

Under the crop lien system, merchants extended credit to individual farmers who borrowed against the anticipated value of future crops. When the harvest was made, farmers repaid the merchant from the proceeds [1].

Sometimes the crop proceeds were sufficient to repay the lender. If they were not, the farmer would begin the new growing season working to repay ever-increasing debts in a cycle historians have termed debt peonage. The crop lien system, though often harmful to the autonomy of individual farmers, was the means by which southern agriculture was rebuilt in the years following the Civil War [2].

From 1885 to 1894, cotton merchant Joseph T. Dill extended credit to farmers on James Island and in rural Charleston County. Below is an index of the liens. The original documents can be accessed on microfilm at the Register of Mesne Conveyance, Charleston County Courthouse, O.T. Wallace County Office Building, 101 Meeting Street, Room 200, Charleston, SC.

Date of Document Date of Deed Grantee Grantor Book Page Location
2/13/1886 2/10/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball George Brown K20 82 James Island
2/13/1886 2/10/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Somerset Rivers K20 84 Charleston County
2/13/1886 2/12/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Robt Grant K20 83 Charleston County
2/13/1886 2/12/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball George Scott K20 84 Charleston County
2/13/1886 2/12/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Nelly Scott K20 85 Charleston County
2/13/1886 2/12/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Stephen Gaillard K20 83 Charleston County
2/13/1886 2/12/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Caroline Wallace K20 86 Charleston County
2/13/1886 2/12/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Jacob Weston K20 86 Charleston County
2/19/1886 2/13/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Jno McKelvy D20 535 James Island
2/19/1886 2/16/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Isaac Walker A20 324 James Island
2/19/1886 2/17/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Guy Walker D20 535 James Island
2/19/1886 2/18/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Christmas Bennett A20 322 James Island
2/19/1886 2/18/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Richard Singleton A20 323 James Island
2/27/1886 2/19/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Abram Fludd A20 329 James Island
2/27/1886 2/23/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball April Simmons A20 328 James Island
2/27/1886 2/23/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Cesar Jackson A20 327 James Island
2/27/1886 2/25/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Ned Drayton A20 326 James Island
2/27/1886 2/25/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Wm Deas A20 325 James Island
3/5/1886 2/27/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Richard Bachman A20 335 James Island
3/5/1886 2/2/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball C Hamilton A20 332 James Island
3/5/1886 3/2/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Sam Richardson A20 331 James Island
3/5/1886 3/2/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Wm Moultrie A20 330 James Island
3/5/1886 3/2/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball T Cromwell A20 334 James Island
3/5/1886 3/2/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Henry Drayton A20 333 James Island
3/12/1886 3/3/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Toby R. Richardson A20 347 James Island
3/10/1886 3/5/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Jas Bolles A20 336 James Island
3/10/1886 3/5/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Harriet Coaxum A20 337 James Island
3/10/1886 3/6/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Sam Simmons A20 547 James Island
3/10/1886 3/6/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Mary Ladson A20 343 James Island
3/10/1886 3/8/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball March DeLeslin A20 338 James Island
3/10/1886 3/8/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Danl Smith A20 345 James Island
3/10/1886 3/9/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Bob Richardson A20 344 James Island
3/10/1886 3/9/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Cooper Judge A20 342 James Island
3/10/1886 3/9/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Mary Fraser A20 339 James Island
3/10/1886 3/9/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Wm. Fraser A20 340 James Island
3/10/1886 3/9/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Cesar Grant A20 341 James Island
3/10/1886 3/9/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Jerry Brown D20 546 James Island
3/10/1886 3/9/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Lizzie Fell D20 546 James Island
3/13/1886 3/10/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Jos Bonnum A20 346 James Island
3/13/1886 3/12/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Jno Lafayette A20 349 James Island
3/20/1886 3/12/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Adam Jenkins A20 348 James Island
3/20/1886 3/15/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Thos Young A20 356 James Island
3/20/1886 3/15/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Jack Fraser A20 353 James Island
3/20/1886 3/16/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Primus Middleton A20 354 James Island
3/20/1886 3/16/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball R.H. Forrester A20 352 James Island
3/20/1886 3/16/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Isaac Ferguson A20 351 James Island
3/20/1886 3/16/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Primus Bachman A20 350 James Island
3/20/1886 3/17/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Morris Watson A20 355 James Island
3/26/1886 3/20/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Brutus Pinckney A20 358 James Island
3/26/1886 3/23/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball David Fell A20 357 James Island
3/26/1886 3/24/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball W.W. McLeod D20 556 James Island
3/26/1886 3/24/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball W. White A20 359 James Island
4/13/1886 3/26/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Abram Brown A20 365 James Island
4/13/1886 4/1/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Dick Pinckney A20 364 James Island
4/13/1886 4/3/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball D & H Whaley A20 362 James Island
4/13/1886 4/3/1886 Dill, J.T. & Ball Stephney Brisbane A20 363 James Island
3/26/1886 3/14/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Scipio Singleton A20 401 James Island
3/26/1886 3/22/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Sammy Washington A20 402 James Island
3/26/1886 3/22/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Celia White C19 383 James Island
4/28/1886 3/30/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball C. Bennett Indexed Charleston County
4/15/1886 4/2/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Lizzie Fell Indexed Charleston County
4/15/1886 4/5/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Susan Gadsden Indexed Charleston County
4/15/1886 4/7/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball S. Rivers A20 406 Charleston County
4/15/1886 4/7/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball C. Wallace Indexed Charleston County
4/15/1886 4/9/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Julia Brown A20 405 Charleston County
4/15/1887 4/12/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Jacob Weston A20 407 Charleston County
4/15/1887 4/12/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Morris Scott Indexed Charleston County
4/15/1887 4/13/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Mary Ladson Indexed Charleston County
4/15/1887 4/13/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Amos Moultrie Indexed Charleston County
4/15/1887 4/13/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Peter Scott Indexed Charleston County
4/28/1887 4/14/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Wm. Moultrie Indexed Charleston County
4/28/1887 4/15/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Kitt McKnight A20 412 Charleston County
4/28/1887 4/15/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball R. Bachman A20 409 Charleston County
4/28/1887 4/20/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball A. Fludd A20 411 Charleston County
4/28/1887 4/23/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball D. Fell A20 410 Charleston County
7/12/1887 6/17/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Isaac Walker K20 596 Charleston County
7/6/1887 6/18/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball S. Brisbane A20 415 Charleston County
7/6/1887 6/24/1887 Dill, J.T. & Ball Thos Smith A20 414 Charleston County
1/13/1888 1/5/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball C.C. Bennett D20 782 Charleston County
2/18/1888 2/11/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball M. Watson X20 4 Charleston County
2/18/1888 2/11/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball R. Singleton L20 169 Charleston County
3/7/1888 2/18/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball Thos Young L20 224 Charleston County
3/7/1888 2/20/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball K. McKnight L20 221 Charleston County
2/28/1888 2/25/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball T.R. Richardson A20 420 Charleston County
3/7/1888 3/2/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball Geo Brown A20 421 Charleston County
3/7/1888 3/2/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball Cooper Judge A20 422 Charleston County
3/13/1888 3/8/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball W. Seymour X20 18 Charleston County
3/13/1888 3/9/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball C. Jackson A20 429 Charleston County
3/13/1888 3/9/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball F. Baynard A20 425 Charleston County
3/13/1888 3/10/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball S. Bennett A20 426 Charleston County
3/13/1888 3/10/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball J. Ferguson A20 427 Charleston County
3/13/1888 3/10/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball R.H. Forrester A20 428 Charleston County
3/13/1888 3/10/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball P. Bachman A20 423 Charleston County
3/13/1888 3/10/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball R. Bachman A20 424 Charleston County
3/21/1888 3/13/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball D. Fell A20 432 Charleston County
3/21/1888 3/14/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball A. Fludd A20 433 Charleston County
3/21/1888 3/15/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball S. Simmons A20 434 Charleston County
3/21/1888 3/16/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball D. Whaley O19 430 Charleston County
3/21/1888 3/16/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball A. Moultrie O19 431 Charleston County
3/21/1888 3/16/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball Ned Drayton A20 430 Charleston County
3/21/1888 3/16/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball J. Bolles A20 440 Charleston County
3/21/1888 3/20/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball S. Rivers A20 437 Charleston County
4/13/1888 3/24/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball J. Lafayette A20 439 Charleston County
5/2/1888 3/24/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball W. Moultrie A20 438 Charleston County
5/2/1888 3/24/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball S. Washington A20 439 Charleston County
5/2/1888 3/27/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball E. Seymour Indexed Charleston County
5/2/1888 3/28/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball M. Scott Indexed Charleston County
5/2/1888 3/31/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball J. Brown Indexed Charleston County
5/2/1888 4/10/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball N. Scott Indexed Charleston County
5/2/1888 4/18/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball Jas Ravenel A20 444 Charleston County
5/2/1888 4/20/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball G. Rivers A20 445 Charleston County
5/2/1888 4/21/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball Mary Ladson A20 443 Charleston County
5/2/1888 4/28/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball T. Cromwell A20 442 Charleston County
6/21/1888 5/19/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball S. Brisbane A20 448 Charleston County
6/21/1888 5/25/1888 Dill, J.T. & Ball M. DeLeslin A20 449 Charleston County
2/14/1889 2/13/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Caroline Giles A20 452 James Island
2/14/1889 2/14/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Sandy Brown Sr. A20 451 James Island
2/25/1889 2/16/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Jas Roberson A20 460 James Island
2/25/1889 2/16/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Sam Simmons A20 461 James Island
2/25/1889 2/16/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Richard Singleton A20 462 James Island
2/25/1889 2/19/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball C.C. Bennett A20 453 James Island
2/25/1889 2/19/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Abram Fludd A20 455 James Island
2/25/1889 2/19/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Cesar Jackson A20 456 James Island
2/25/1889 2/19/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Amos Moultrie A20 457 James Island
2/25/1889 2/20/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball T.R. Richardson A20 458 James Island
2/25/1889 2/20/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball S. Rivers A20 459 James Island
2/25/1889 2/20/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Ned Drayton A20 454 James Island
3/1/1889 2/23/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball R.H. Forrester A20 468 James Island
3/1/1889 2/23/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Wm. Fraser A20 469 James Island
3/1/1889 2/23/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball B. Pinckney A20 473 James Island
3/1/1889 2/23/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Jas Ravenel A20 474 James Island
3/1/1889 2/23/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Rob Roberson Sr. A20 475 James Island
3/1/1889 2/23/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Richard Bachman A20 463 James Island
3/1/1889 2/23/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Jas Bolles A20 464 James Island
3/1/1889 2/23/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Cesar Grant A20 470 James Island
3/1/1889 2/23/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball C. Judge A20 471 James Island
3/1/1889 2/23/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Charles Drayton A20 467 James Island
3/1/1889 2/23/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Jas Bonnum A20 465 James Island
3/1/1889 2/28/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball T. Cromwell A20 466 James Island
3/1/1889 2/28/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Thos Young A20 476 James Island
3/1/1889 2/28/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball J. Lafayette A20 472 James Island
3/6/1889 3/1/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Renty Bradley A20 477 James Island
3/6/1889 3/1/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Scipio Singleton A20 480 James Island
3/6/1889 3/1/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball March DeLeslin A20 479 James Island
3/6/1889 3/2/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Sammy Washington A20 482 James Island
3/6/1889 3/2/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Morris Watson A20 483 James Island
3/6/1889 3/2/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Wm. Deas A20 478 James Island
3/6/1889 3/4/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Thos Smith A20 481 James Island
3/9/1889 3/5/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Wm. Moultrie A20 486 James Island
3/22/1889 3/12/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Maria C. Gaillard A20 489 James Island
3/22/189 3/16/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Henry Whaley A20 490 James Island
3/26/1889 3/19/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Isaac Ferguson A20 493 James Island
3/26/1889 3/21/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Jim Fell A20 492 James Island
3/26/1889 3/22/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Nellie Scott A20 494 James Island
3/26/1889 3/23/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Stephney Brisbane A20 491 James Island
4/13/1889 4/12/1889 Dill, J.T. & Ball Geo Brown L20 497 Charleston County
2/14/1890 2/13/1890 Dill, J.T. & Ball Geo Brown A20 507 James Island
6/20/1894 6/15/1894 Dill, J.T. & Ball J.H. Wigger D21 260 James Island
4/21/1894 4/12/1894 Dill, J.T. & Ball R.W. Brown, Exr. L21 745 Charleston County

References Cited

[1] Royce, Edward 1993 The Origins of Southern Share Cropping. Temple University Press, pp. 187-188.

[2] Danbom, David B. 2006 Born in the Country: A History of Rural America. JHU Press, unpaged.

Newly Released SC Probate Records: a Treasure Trove for African American Genealogy

 

FamilySearch recently released more than 875,000 digital images of South Carolina county probate records. These new records, previously available only in county probate offices or on microfilm, may now be browsed online at FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org).

The newly released records are organized into two collections, South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977 (222,656 images) and South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964 (652,415 images). Together, the collections cover many South Carolina counties over an extraordinary time span.

These collections contain important pieces of the puzzle for African American genealogy research. Pre-Civil War records may help family historians locate enslaved ancestors. Post-Civil War records span the period from Emancipation to the mid-1900s and may contain valuable information about the lives of African American ancestors during a time period that can be difficult to document.

Here, we take a first look at both collections to compile a comprehensive table of records available for each South Carolina county or district, and the total time span covered by records from both collections.

Before we compile our list, let’s look at the historical development of counties and districts in South Carolina, to help us understand and navigate the collections.

There are now 46 counties in South Carolina. In 1800, South Carolina was divided into 26 Circuit Court Districts. In 1868, districts were renamed as counties. There were 31 counties defined from 26 districts in 1868. Over time, some counties were split, resulting in the 46 counties in South Carolina today. Below is a cross-reference of present-day counties, counties in 1868 and districts in 1800.

 
County (Present-Day) County (1868) District (1800)
Abbeville (1785) Abbeville Abbeville
Aiken (1871) Barnwell Barnwell
Allendale (1919) Barnwell Barnwell
Anderson (1826) Anderson Pendleton
Bamberg (1897) Barnwell Barnwell
Barnwell (1785) Barnwell Barnwell
Beaufort (1785) Beaufort Beaufort
Berkeley (1882) Charleston Charleston
Calhoun (1908) Orangeburg Orangeburg
Charleston (1670) Charleston Charleston
Cherokee (1897) Spartanburg Spartanburg
Chester (1785) Chester Chester
Chesterfield (1785) Chesterfield Chesterfield
Clarendon (1855) Clarendon Sumter
Colleton (1798) Colleton Colleton
Darlington (1785) Darlington Darlington
Dillon (1910) Marion Marion
Dorchester (1897) Colleton Colleton
Edgefield (1785) Edgefield Edgefield
Fairfield (1785) Fairfield Fairfield
Florence (1888) Marion Marion
Georgetown (1769) Georgetown Georgetown
Greenville (1786) Greenville Greenville
Greenwood (1897) Abbeville Abbeville
Hampton (1878) Beaufort Beaufort
Horry (1801) Horry Georgetown
Jasper (1912) Beaufort Beaufort
Kershaw (1791) Kershaw Kershaw
Lancaster (1785) Lancaster Lancaster
Laurens (1785) Laurens Laurens
Lee (1902) Sumter Sumter
Lexington (1785) Lexington Orangeburg
Marion (1790) Marion Marion
Marlboro (1785) Marlboro Marlboro
McCormick (1916) Abbeville Abbeville
Newberry (1785) Newberry Newberry
Oconee (1860) Oconee Pendleton
Orangeburg (1769) Orangeburg Orangeburg
Pickens (1826) Pickens Pendleton
Richland (1785) Richland Richland
Saluda (1895) Edgefield Edgefield
Spartanburg (1785) Spartanburg Spartanburg
Sumter (1798) Sumter Sumter
Union (1785) Union Union
Williamsburg (1785) Williamsburg Williamsburg
York (1785) York York
 
Above: Cross-Reference of Present SC Counties, Counties in 1868 and Districts in 1800. Adapted from Gourdin, J. Raymond 104thInfantry Regiment – USCT, Colored Civil War Soldiers from South Carolina, Heritage Books, 1997.
 

Free South Carolina Probate Records: Counties, Districts and Time Spans Covered

Now let’s compile a breakdown for counties and districts represented in the new collections.

 

County or District Collections Total Time Span
Abbeville South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Wills, 1787-1868 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Index to probate records, 1782-1958 · Probate Court, Probate records, 1782-1958 1782-1958
Aiken South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Estate records, 1872-1927 1872-1927
Anderson South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Bond books, 1840-1867 · Guardian accounts, 1843-1869 · Inventories, Appraisements, Sales, 1840-1903 · Letters, 1840-1868 · Wills, 1791-1907 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Court of Common Pleas, Direct (plaintiff) index, 1827-1903 · Court of Common Pleas, Indirect (defendant) index, 1827-1903 · Court of Common Pleas, Judgments, 1828-1880 1791-1903
Barnwell South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Inventories, Appraisements, 1809-1841 · Sales books, 1808-1842 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Cases, 1787-1958 · Probate Court, Estate records, 1909-1925 · Probate Court, Index to wills and probate records, 1787-1958 1787-1958
Camden, Kershaw South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Estate record books, 1782-1823, Vol. A1 1782-1823
Charleston South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Daily minutes, 1851-1872 · Derelict estates, 1847-1853 · Index to estates, 1790-1916 · Index to wills and inventories, 1746-1800 · Index to wills, 1671-1927 · Inventories, 1753-1784 · Inventories, Appraisements, Sales, 1839-1867 · Journal, 1839-1864 · Miscellaneous cases, 1783-1812 · Miscellaneous records, 1696-1792 · Ordinary account books, 1843-1871 · Real estate books, 1835-1939 · Receipts in probate cases, 1853-1873 · Returns, 1835-1865 · Wills, 1671-1868 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Index to estate inventories, 1834-1844 · Probate Court, Estate inventories, 1732-1844 1671-1939
Chester South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Index to probate records, 1787-1950 · Inventories of estates, 1840-1855 · Probate records, 1787-1865 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Files, 1788-1866 1787-1950
Chesterfield South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Index to estate papers, 1865-1977 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Estate records, 1865-1927 1865-1977
Clarendon South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Estate files, 1899-1926 1899-1926
Columbia, Lexington, Richland South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Guardian and trustee returns, 1809-1867 1809-1867
Edgefield South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Cash book, Receipts, Returns, 1838-1852, Vol. B · Returns, 1845-1867 1838-1867
Fairfield South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Administration and guardian bonds, 1840-1869 · Annual returns, 1840-1900 · Bonds and letters of administration, 1869-1904 · Inventories, Appraisements, Sales, 1801-1922 · Journal, 1801-1906 · Letters of administration, 1887-1921 · Letters of administration, guardianship, testamentary, 1840-1893 · Letters of guardianship, 1890-1947 · Wills, 1785-1904 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · County Court, Estate records, 1787-1815 1785-1947
Greenville South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977; · Inventories, Appraisements, 1825-1829 · Returns book, 1817-1824 · Wills books, 1787-1867 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Probate records, 1787-1868 1787-1868
Kershaw South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Estate record books, 1791-1822 · Pleadings and judgments, 1790-1820 · Wills, 1782-1868 1782-1868
Lancaster South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977; · Wills, 1865-1892 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Estate records, 1865-1950 1865-1950
Laurens South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Administration and guardian bonds, 1840-1873 · Administration bonds, 1804-1901 · Annual returns, 1840-1900 · Commissioners report of sales, 1825-1839 · Decree book, 1869-1878 · Estate records, 1818-1834 · Guardian and trustee returns, 1841-1890 · Guardian bonds, 1841-1910 · Guardian bonds, Letters of guardianship, 1836-1859 · Guardian returns, 1807-1830 · Inventories, Appraisements, Sales, 1825-1929 · Journal, 1840-1895 · Letters of administration, 1837-1839 · Letters of administration, Letters of guardianship, 1876-1909 · Letters of administration, guardianship, testamentary, 1840-1877 · Letters testamentary, 1877-1917 · Partitions of estates, 1803-1826 · Real estate receipt book, 1826-1836 · Wills, 1788-1912 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Estate papers, 1800-1931 · Probate Court, Index to estate papers, 1800-1931 1788-1931
Lexington South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Administration, Will annexed, Guardian bond books, 1865-1902 · Annual returns, 1865-1904 · Guardian and trustee bonds, 1809-1868 · Index to estate papers, 1865-1940 · Inventories, Appraisements, Sales, 1865-1921 · Journal, 1865-1915 · Real estate book, 1866-1898 · Wills books, 1865-1908 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Estate papers, 1863-1900 · Probate Court, Index to Estate papers, 1863-1900 1863-1940
Marion South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Minute book and journal, 1800-1825 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Estate records, 1869-1915 1800-1915
Marlboro/Marlborough South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Equity records and bills, 1805-1869 · Index to equity records and bills, 1805-1870 · Wills books, 1787-1905 · Estate record books, 1787-1840 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Estate papers, 1790-1906 · Probate Court, Index to Estate papers, 1700-1973 1700-1973
Newberry South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Index to estates, 1785-1949 · Wills books, 1787-1913 1785-1949
Oconee South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Estate files, 1897-1916 1897-1916
Orangeburg South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Index, 1865-1947, Vol. A-Z · Wills, 1866-1957 1865-1957
Pendleton South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Minutes, 1825-1867 1825-1867
Richland South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Index to wills, 1787-1950 · Journal, 1839-1866 · Letters, 1840-1871 · Minutes, 1841-1863 · Wills, 1787-1941 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Estate papers, 1799-1909 · Probate Court, Index to estates, 1799-1955 1787-1955
Spartanburg South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Administration bonds, 1896-1917 · Administration, Will annexed, Guardian bond book, 1840-1918 · Administrations, 1804-1847 · Guardian account and returns, 1842-1868 · Guardian book, 1885-1912 · Index to estate papers, 1787-1971 · Index to real estate papers, 1825-1971 · Inventories, Appraisements, Sales, 1811-1904 · Journal of the Ordinary, 1816-1868 · Journal, 1800-1907 · Real estate books, 1825-1904 · Real estate cash books, 1830-1911 · Report books, 1844-1870 · Returns books, 1836-1900 · Warrants of appraisements, 1816-1827 · Wills books, 1810-1903 1787-1971
Sumter South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Devised lands, 1883-1947 · Equity decrees and reports, 1814-1858 · Index to estates, 1802-1949 · Index to executors administrations, 1800-1953 · Index to guardians, committeeship, lunacy, and industrial school, 1816-1951 · Index to wills, administrations, estates, and files book, 1800-1937 · Inventories, Appraisements, 1914-1953 · Reports of referees of estates, 1863-1875 · Sales appointments, 1840-1900 · Wills books, 1800-1963 · Wills, Record book, Manuscript, 1784-1849, Vol. M South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Estate records, 1784-1960 · Probate Court, Index to estate records, 1784-1960 1784-1963
Union South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Administration bonds, 1867-1887 · Administration, Will annexed, Guardian bond books, 1833-1910 · Cash book, 1836-1915 · Fee book, 1844-1850 · Guardian bonds, 1875-1912 · Guardian returns, 1869-1913 · Inventories, Appraisements, Sales, 1836-1910 · Real estate books, 1835-1928 · Returns books, 1835-1926 · Sales book, 1895-1926 · Wills books, 1792-1911 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Estate files, 1906-1919 · Probate Court, Index to probate records, 1777-1961 · Probate Court, Probate records, 1777-1961 1777-1961
Williamsburg South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Wills, 1806-1879 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Estate records, 1869-1916 1806-1916
Winton South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Wills, 1779-1950 1779-1950
York South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977: · Administration and guardian bonds, 1840-1875 · Administration bonds, 1871-1907 · Cash book, 1841-1902 · Docket book, 1889-1926 · Estate record books, 1787-1840 · Fee book, 1889-1892 · Guardian and trustee account, 1840-1871 · Guardian bonds, 1871-1913 · Guardian returns, 1890-1922 · Index to estate records, Index to wills, 1787-1813, Vol. A-C · Index to lands devised, 1868-1906 · Index to money decrees, 1880-1905 · Inventories, Appraisements, Sales, 1813-1910 · Journal, 1831-1874 · Letters Dismissory, Dismissed bonds, 1871-1908 · Minute book, 1814-1830 · Petitions and orders, 1889-1919, Vol. A · Real estate books, 1825-1899 · Receipt books, 1870-1901 · Sales book, 1893-1932 · Wills book, 1800-1862 · Wills book, Estate record books, 1837-1882 · Wills, 1770-1924 South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964: · Probate Court, Estate records, 1774-1960 · Probate Court, General Index, 1774-1960 · Probate Court, Index, 1774-1960 1770-1960
 
Above: Comprehensive Table of Records in Newly Released Records South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977 (222,656 images) and South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-1964 (652,415 images).  
 
We hope this comprehensive table will assist you in navigating the newly released South Carolina probate records on FamilySearch.org. Coming in a future blog post: a look at record types within these collections, why they were made, what information they contain, and which records will be most helpful in a search for enslaved ancestors.
 
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