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South Carolina Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Detail from Port Royal South Carolina Slave Quarters LOCLC-DIG-cwpb-00806

The regulation of written labor agreements between planters and freedmen was a major concern of the Freedmen’s Bureau. In South Carolina, some 8,000 contracts were signed, and nearly 130,000 freedmen worked under labor contracts between the years 1865 and 1866.

Under the terms of the contracts, Freedmen were entitled to housing, rations, medical attention, fuel, and a portion of the crop. Freedmen who worked for wages were generally paid between $8 and $12 per month and were responsible for supplying their own rations [1].

Please read below to view individual labor contracts as they are posted. You can click on document images to view them larger, or in full screen mode.

References Cited

[1] Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1872 (NARA Micropublication M1910)
0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, Stephanus Ford With Freedmen, Friendfield Plantation, Waccamaw, Georgetown, SC, 1868

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Georgetown County, SC, Contracts

Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1910, Reel 77, Target 1

Frames 331-333

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

Stephanus Ford with freedpeople

DATE OF CONTRACT:

Jan. 1, 1868

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Georgetown County

South Carolina

SC

Friendfield Plantation

Waccamaw River

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS

Brutus Carr

Moses Small

Daniel Bruce

Ephraim Car

Cilum Bruce

Willy Car

Solomon Keith

Henrietta Bake

Louisa Keith

Shurance Holmes

Bedford Car

Patience Homes

Lazarus Becket, deserted March 14th

Molly Blain

Jim Brockinton

Tyra Rutledge

John Forsythe

Jane Car

Ellen Forsythe

Catherine Bookey

John Car

Will Bunch

Susan Car

Charity Bunch

John Pinckney

Tony Car

Louiser Pinckney

Venus Car

Edward Car

Emilia Gadston

Tom Hanilton

Joseph Lawyer, deserted March 14th

Catherine Hamilton

Minda Blain

Lizzy Murrell

Thomas Keith

Hestor Murrell

Cinda Mention

Ben Cholm

Netty Taylor

Thomas Alston

Molly Pinckney

Sam Gibbs

Tom Roberson, deserted March 14

Fayette Lawyer

Sary Kershaw

Eliza Keith

Glascow Lawyer

(Illegible) Deas

Mary Lawyer

Nelly, deserted

Isaac Shubrick

Bess Carr

Nancy Shubrick

Queen Lawyer

Molly Car

Martha Shubrick

Juba Kershaw

Sophy Sammers

Tykie Brown

Marcus Funny, carpenter

Aggy Funny

Jimmy Carr

Bella Funny

Caty Small

Fortune Shubrick

Dianna Siprey

Nippy Walker

Frank Jackson

Targen Blain

Jack Bunch

John Shubrick

Nanny Bunch, deserted March 14

Becky Shubrick

George Gibbs

Anthony Richardson

Patience Richardson

Solomon Rutledge

0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, E.H. Deas With Freedmen, Buck Hall Plantation, Berkeley, SC, 1866

Labor Contracts

Berkeley County, SC, Jan-May 1866

Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

MC 1910, Reel 89, Target 11

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

E.H. Deas and the freedmen and women

DATE OF CONTRACT:

March 3, 1866

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Berkeley County

South Carolina

SC

Buck Hall

Cooper River

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS:

Pompey Collins, foreman

Maria Collins

Nessie Robertson

Toola Maxwell

Robert Collins

Peg Collins

Pompey Collins

Celia Thompson

Venus Easton

Jimmy Easton

March Maxwell

John Rivers

Benah Rivers

Charlotte Robertson

Polly Seymour

John Haywood

Bina Haywood

Rinah Ellington

Mary Ellington

Corra Nesbet

John Haywood

Charles Prichard

Sucky Prichard

Billy Oliver

Jacob Holback

Jacob Holback Jr.

George Ellington

Betty Ellington

Ann Halback

Moon Broughton

Billy Broughton

Emma Broughton

Zacharia Haywood

Katy Haywood

Charles Wilson

Liddy Wilson

Thomas Gilbert

Molly Gilbert

Lydia Hamilton

Jenny Hamilton

Charles Lance

Charlotte Lance

Smart Gladden

Harriet Gibbes

Amey Nisbet

Guy Gadsden

Dolly Gadsden

Frank Lance

Eve Haywood

Charlotte Haywood

Michael Broughton

Jeffry Gillan

Jeffry Gillan Jr.

Nancy Seymour

Jewel Bryan

Julia Ferguson

Adam Nelson

Rachel Nelson

Hannah Simmons

Soloman Seymour

Lucy Seymour

Nancy Gadsden

Jenny Ellington

Paul Wilson

Rachael Broughton

0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, J.C. Cain With Freedmen, Berkeley, SC, 1866

Labor Contracts

Berkeley County, SC, Jan-May 1866

Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

MC 1910, Reel 89, Target 11, Vol. 237

Frames 1332-1334

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

J.C. Cain and the freedmen and women

DATE OF CONTRACT:

Jan. 15, 1866

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Berkeley County

South Carolina

SC

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS:

Jockey Geddon

Sam Bash

Tony Perry

Tenah Perry

Titus Poinsett

Alice Poinsett

Minda Poinsett

Abby Poinsett

David Major

Grace Major

Andrew Magrant

Aggy Thompson

Moses Johnson

Nancy Johnson

Rachel Hodon

Michael Major

Dorinda Major

Hagar Broughton

Lewis Broughton

Titus Cordes

Lizette Cordes

Cinthia Cordes

Amy Bash

Caleb Bash

Henry Simons

Hester Blacklock

Jimy Dawson

Mary Brown

Scipio Mitchel

William Lovely

Louisa Lovely

Jack Finwick

Sally Finwick

Bob Finwick

Hector Proilleau

Betty Proilleau

Mary Colonel

Andrew King

Sam Barnett

Maria Barnett

Bob Wilson

Eve White

Scy White

Rachel Simons

Dick Levine

Peggy Nyette

Jimy Atterly

Nancy McKelvy

Bill McKelvy

Henry McKelvy

Liddy McKelvy

Susan Wright

Jenkins Thompson

Sam Grant

Satira Grant

Cornelius Grant

Moses Gillings

Eliza Levine

Sucky Spann

0

Freedmen's Labor Contracr, Jos. W. Ford, Peru Plantation, Georgetown, SC, 1867

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Georgetown County, SC, Contracts

Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1910, Reel 77, Target 1

Frames 94-96

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

Jos. W. Ford and the freedmen and women

DATE OF CONTRACT:

Jan. 1, 1867

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Georgetown County

South Carolina

SC

Perue Plantation

Black River

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS:

The names listed below are those that were legible:

Jack McClannon

Hester Sparkman

Sella Pyatt

Kate Walter

Lydia Waters

Martha Gardner

Sarah Dake

Charity Walters

Tenah Holmes

Maira Washington

Hager Baker

Cinda Walters

Flora Walters

Julia Singleton

Dorcas McCouttry

Dick McCouttry

Clarissa Singleton

Naomi Singleton

Maria Jordan

Jane Washington

Peter Washington

Kate Legare

Pompy Allston

Tenah Mitchel

Bigg Grant

Carolina Grant

Abraham South

Joe Marcins

Hercules Morden

Gran Sprakman

Easter Rutledge

Thomas Cohen

Surque Brown

Green Slaughter

Nellie Gardner

Sarah Ann Green

Cain Gardner

Prince Ford

Soloman White

Moses Lance

Dinah Pinckney

Frank Walters

Scipio Mitchel

Buck Green

Emanderville Brown

Johnnie

Hecter Rutledge

Laffey Brown

Charles Phillipe

Beckie Holmes

Simie

Roger South

George Green

Phillis Green

Clara

Green

Primas Moultrie

Patsey Moultrie

Sukey Philipe

Daniel Brat

Jane Brat

Daniel Briggs

Eliza Mitchel

Guy Holmes

Mary Grant

Thomas Mitchel

0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, J. Rees Ford With Freedmen, Waterford Plantation, Georgetown, SC, 1867

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Georgetown County, SC, Contracts

Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1910, Reel 77, Target 1

Frames 111-114

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

J. Rees Ford with freedpeople

DATE OF CONTRACT:

Jan. 16, 1867

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Georgetown County

South Carolina

SC

Waterford Plantation

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS

The names listed below are those that were legible:

Nicky Green

Thomas

Nancy Baker

Will Green

Elinor Gaillard

Prince Dase

Pleasant

Phillis Moultry

Irveen Moultry

Eliza Moultry

Daphney Green

Fortune Abram

Betsy Abram

Johney Abram

Hetty Abram

Clarinda

Ned Green

Mina Green

Beck Green

William Mitchel

Saley Moultrie

Rosanne

Lucy Porcher

Mustapher Jeans

Louisa Great

Sue Jenkins

Quashaba Jenkins (ded)

Elizabeth Jenkins

Cinda Ford

Julia Ann

Eliza Stone

Hariet

Patty Dase

Amos Reed (left)

Lazerus

(Illegible) Brown

Caty Huger (left)

Peter Lau

Leia Pyatt

Tina Young

Iserma

Balinda Brown

Peter Linus

Cudjo Washington

(Illegible) Parker

Peter Young

0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, J. Rees Ford With Freedmen, Waterford Plantation, Georgetown, SC, 1868

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Georgetown County, SC, Contracts

Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1910, Reel 77, Target 1

Frames 334-336

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

J. Reese Ford with freedpeople

DATE OF CONTRACT:

Feb. 29, 1868

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Georgetown County

South Carolina

SC

Black River

Waterford Plantation

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS

The names listed below are those that were legible:

Elenor Gaillard

Marcus Westbury

Fillis Moultry

Celia Westbury

June Moultry

Poley Smith

Sarey Shingleton

Sammy Smith

Louisa Grant

Sue Jenkins

Peter Lives Sr

Grace Smtih

Rexana Finick

Pompy Allston

Amos Read

Mary Coin

Doley Read

Elizabeth Jenkins

Saphney Green

Juliet

Clara Green

Fortune Aleson

Julia Ann Swinton

Isaac Coin

Toney Strong

Yanicky

Aby Moultry

Lea Governor

Penda Holmes

Andrew Washington

Cardes Parker

Thomas Mitchel

Patsey Dase

George Wates

Jenny Rolens

Judy Handsum

Prince Dase

0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, J. Rees Ford With Freedmen, Waterford Plantation, Georgetown, SC, 1866

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Georgetown County, SC, Contracts

Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1910, Reel 76, Target 4

Frames 421-424

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

J. Rees Ford and Freedpeople

DATE OF CONTRACT:

March 2, 1866

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Georgetown County

South Carolina

SC

Waterford Plantation

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS

The names listed below are those that were legible:

Johnie

Hely

Andrew

Linda

Amor

Peter

Patsy

Phillis

Betsy

Toney

Robert

Frances

June

Elanor

Julia Ann

Rosanna

Cinda

Cate

Saley

Lindy

March

George

Ames

Ned

Nancy

Thomas

Alfred

Lazerus

George

Eliza

Cudjo

George

Daphney

Aby

0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, J. Rees Ford With Freedmen, Black River Plantation, Georgetown, SC, 1865

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Georgetown County, SC, Contracts

Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1910, Reel 76, Target 5

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

J. Rees Ford with Freed people

DATE OF CONTRACT:

June 1, 1865

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Georgetown County

South Carolina

SC

Black River Plantation

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS

Adam

Peter

Fortune

Thomas

Prince

Eileen

Jenny

Rose

Phillis

Nancy

March

Julia Ann

Lavinia

Jelmiah

Johnny

Cyrus

Roxana

Grace

Harriet

Maria

Hester

Cindah

Harriet

Betsy

Abby

Diana

Titio

Beck

Eliza

Carolina

Joe

Lidia

Juddy

pgs. 582-585
0

Freedmen's Labor Contract, Wm. Rees Ford With Freedmen, Ramsay Grove Plantation, Georgetown, SC, 1868

Georgetown Labor Contracts

Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1910, Reel 77, Target 1

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

Wm. Rees Ford & freedpeople

DATE OF CONTRACT:

Feb. 8, 1868

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Georgetown County

South Carolina

SC

Ramsey Grove Plantation

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS

The names listed below are those that were legible:

Quash Moutrie

Guy Graser

Wilson Dozier

Dolly Dozier

John Green

John Moultrie

Bram Prilieu

Cupit Franklin

Leah Dozier

William Moultrie

William Burgess

Phillip Gaillard

Henry Ash

March Wilson

Lindy Wilson

Nero Smith

Serena Moutrie

Tener Prelieu

Juddy Moutrie

Mary Ann Smith

Jane Kershaw

Becker Gordon

Milley Days

Venus Shaw

Maria Gadston

Zilpher Toomer

Edward Franklin

Belsey Brown

Sam Washington

Aron Washington

Louiser Moutrie

Jeffrey Fraser

Nimble Moutrie

Harrio Dozier

Charles Singleton

Hestor Surress

Ella Moutrie

Hestor Prolieu

Molsy Simons

Ciley Huger

pgs. 328-330

1

Freedmen's Labor Contract, J Rees Ford With Freedmen, Ramsay Grove Plantation, Georgetown, SC, 1867

Freedmen's Labor Contracts

Georgetown County, SC, Contracts

Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina,

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

NARA Record Group 105

M1910, Reel 77, Target 1

TITLE OF CONTRACT:

J. Rees Ford and the freedmen and women

DATE OF CONTRACT:

Feb. 8, 1867

PLACES MENTIONED IN CONTRACT:

Georgetown County

South Carolina

SC

Ramsay Grove Plantation

Black River

NAMES OF FREEDPERSONS

The names listed below are those that were legible:

Quash

Sarena Moultry

Ela Moultry

Bina Shaw

Rebecca Wourdine

Cornelia Fraser

Louisa Moultry

Bella Myers

Maria Gadsden

Bram Gadsden

Lidy Simmons

Matilda Moultry

James Carshaw

Biley Moultry

Nelly Pyatt

Sam Washington

Andrew Washington

Aaron Washington

Edward Washington

Cupid Franklin

Celiy Singleton

Charley Singleton

Betsy Fraser

John Myer

Henry Ashly

Hester

Jeffrey (Illegible)

pgs. 89-93

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